12.12.20

manifesto - computer analysis

 a-specter > is-haunt-ing > europe > the-SPECTER > of=com-mun-ism > all=the-pouer-s > of=old-europe > ha-u-enter-ed > in-to=a-holy > al-li-an-ce > to-ex-orc-ise > this > specter > pope > and=czar > metternich > and=guizot > french-radic-al-s > and=german-police-spie-s > uh-ere > is > the-part-y > in-op-pos-ition > that=has-n-ot-bee-n-de-crie-d > as=com-mun-ist > by=it-s=op-pon-ent-s > in-pouer > uh-ere > is > th-op-pos-ition > that=ha-s-n-ot-hurl-ed-back > the-brand-ing > re-proach > of=com-mun-ism > again-st=the-more-aduance-d > op-pos-ition-part-ie-s > as-uell-as=again-st=it-s=re-ac-tion-ary > ad-uers-arie-s > tuo > thing-s > result > from=this > fact > com-mun-ism > is-already-ac-knou-ledge-d > by=all=europe-an-pouer-s > to-be > it-sel-f > a-pouer > it-is > high-time > that=com-muni-st-s > shoul-d > op-en-ly > in=the-face > of=th-uhole-uorld > publ-ish > thei-r=uieu-s > thei-r=aim-s > thei-r=tend-encie-s > and=meet > this > nurse-ry-tale > of-the-specter > of=com-mun-ism > uith=a-manifesto > of=the-part-y > it-sel-f > to-this-end > com-mun-ist-s > of-uari-ous-n-ation-al-itie-s > ha-u-as-semble-d > in-lon-don > and=sketch-ed > the-follou-ing > mani-fest-o > to-be-publ-ish-ed > in=engl-ish > french > germ-an > itali-an > flem-ish > and=dan-ish > langu-age-s

bourg-eois-and-proletari-an-s > th-history > of=all=hither-to > e-xi-st-ing > soci-etie-s > is > th-history > of=class-strugg-le-s > free-man-and-slaue > patric-ian-and-plebei-an > lord-and-serf > guild-ma-ster-and-iourn-ey-man > in-a-uord=op-press-or-and-op-press-ed > stood > in=con-st-ant > op=pos-ition > to=one-a-n-other > carrie-d=on > a-n-un-in-ter-rupt-ed > nou=hidd-en > nou=op-en > fight > a-fight > that=each-time > end-ed > either=in=a-re-uolu-tion-ary > re-con-st-itu-tion > of=soci-ety > at-large ~ or=in=the-com-mon > ruin > of=the-contend-ing-class-es > in=th-ear-li-er > ep-och-s > of=history > ue=find > al-most > euer-y-uh-ere > a-com-plic-ate-d > ar-range-ment > of=soci-ety > in-to=uari-ous > order-s > a-mani-fold > grad-ation > of=soci-al > rank > in=ancient-rome > ue=ha-ue > patric-ian-s > knight-s > plebei-an-s > slaue-s > in=the-midd-l-age-s > feud-al-lord-s > uassal-s > guild-ma-ster-s > iourn-ey-men > apprentice-s > serf-s > in=al-most > all=of=these > class-es > again > sub-ordin-ate > grad-ation-s > the-modern-bourg-eois > soci-ety > that=has-sprout-ed > from=the-ruin-s > of-feud-al-soci-ety > has-n-ot-done=a-uay > uith=class-ant-agon-ism-s > it=has-but-e-st-abl-ish-ed > neu-class-es > neu-condi-tions > of=op-press-ion > neu-form-s > of=strugg-le > in-place > of=th-old-one-s > ou-r=ep-och > th-ep-och > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > pos-sess-es > hou-euer > this > dis-tinct-iue > feat-ure > it=ha-s-sim-pli-fie-d > the-class-ant-agon-ism-s > soci-ety > as-a-uhole > is-more-and-more-splitt-ing=up > in-to=tuo > great-host-ile-camp-s > in-to=tuo > great-class-es > di-rect-ly > fac-ing > each-other > bourg-eois-ie > and= proletari-at > from=the-serf-s > of=the-midd-l-ages > sprang > the-charter-ed > burgh-er-s > of=th-ear-li-est > toun-s > from=these > burg-ess-es > the-fir-st > ele-ment-s > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > ue-re-de-uelop-ed > the-dis-couer-y > of=america > the-round-ing > of=the-cape > op-en-ed=up > fresh > ground-s > for=the-ris-ing > bourg-eois-ie > th-east-indi-an > and=chin-ese-mark-ets > the-con-clus-ion > of=america > trade > uith=the-colon-ie-s > th-in-crease > in=the-mea-n-s-of-ex-change > and=in=com-mod-itie-s > gener-al-ly > ga-ue > to=com-merce > to=nauig-ation > to=indu-stry > a-n-im-pulse > n-euer-be-fore-knou-n > and=th-ere-by > to-re-uolu-tion-ary > ele-ment > in=the-totter-ing > feud-al-soci-ety > a-rap-id > de-uelop-ment > the-feud-al-sy-ste-m > of=indu-stry > under=uhich=ind-ustri-al-pro-duc-tion > uas-mono-pol-ize-d > by=close-d > guild-s > nou > n-o-long-er > suf-fice-d > for=the-grou-ing > uant-s > of=neu-mark-et-s > the-manu-fac-t-ur-ing > sy-ste-m > took > it-s=place > the-guild-ma-ster-s > ue-re-push-ed > on-one-side > by=the-manu-fac-t-ur-ing > midd-le-class > diuis-ion -of-lab-or >be-tu-in=the-dif-fer-ent > corpor-ate-guild-s > uan-ish-ed > in=the-face > of=diuis-ion-of-lab-or > in=each-single > uork-shop > mea-n-time > the-mark-et-s > kep-t > euer-grou-ing > the-de-mand > euer-ris-ing > euen=manu-fac-ture > n-o-long-er > suf-fice-d > th-ere-up-on > steam-and-machine-ry > re-uolu-tion-ize-d > indu-stri-al-pro-duc-tion > the-place > of=manu-fac-ture > uas-take-n > by=the-giant > modern-indu-stry > the-place > of=th-indu-stri-al-midd-le-class > by=indu-stri-al-mill-ion-aire-s > the-lead-er-s > of=uhol-indu-stri-al-arm-ie-s > the-modern-bourg-eois > modern-indu-stry > e-st-abl-ish-ed > the-uorld-mark-et > for=uhich=the-dis-couer-y > of=america > paue-d > the-uay > this > mark-et > ha-s-gi-ue-n > a-n-im-mense > de-uelop-ment > to-com-merce > to=com-mun-ic-ation > by-land > this > de-uelop-ment > ha-s-in-its-time-re-act-ed > on=th-ex-tens-ion > of=indu-stry > and=in-pro-por-tion > as=indu-stry > com-merce > nauig-ation > rail-uay-s > ex-tend-ed > in=the-same > pro-por-tion > the-bourg-eois-ie > de-uelop-ed > in-creas-ed > it-s=capit-al > and=push-ed > in-to=the-back-ground > euery > class > hand-ed=doun > from=the-midd-l-age-s > ue=see > th-ere-fore=hou > the-modern-bourg-ois-ies > is > it-sel-f > the-pro-duct > of=a-long-course > of=de-uelop-ment > of-a-series > of=re-uolu-tion-s > in=the-mode-s > of=pro-duc-tion > and=of=ex-change > each > step > in=the-de-uelop-ment > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > uas-ac-companie-d > by=a-cor-re-spond-ing > polit-ic-al > aduance > of=that > class > a-n-op-press-ed-class > under=the-suay > of=the-feud-al-nobil-ity > a-n-arm-ed > and=sel-f-gouern-ing > as-soci-ation > in=the-medi-eual > com-mune > h-ere=in-de-pend-ent > urb-an > re-publ-ic > as=in=italy > and=germany > th-ere=tax-able > third-e-st-ate > of=the-mon-arch-y > as=in-france > after-ua-rd-s > in=the-peri-od > of=manu-fac-ture > pro-per > seru-ing > either > the-semi-feud-al ~ or=th-ab-sol-ute > mon-arch-y > as=a-counter-poise > again-st=th-e-st-abl-ish-ment > of=modern-indu-stry > and=of=the-uorld-mark-et > con-quer-ed > for=it-sel-f > in=the-modern-re-present-atiue-st-ate > ex-clus-iue > pol-it-ic-al-suay > th-e-xecut-iue > of=the-modern-st-ate > is > but=a-com-mitt-ee > for=man-ag-ing > the-com-mon-af-fair-s > of=th-uhole-bourg-eois-ie > the-bourg-eois-ie > histor-ic-al-ly > ha-s-play-ed > a-most-re-uolu-tion-ary > part > the-bourg-eois-ie > uh-er-euer > it=ha-s-got > th-uppe-r-hand > ha-s-put > a-n-end > to=all=feud-al-patri-arch-al-idyll-ic-re-l-ation-s > it=ha-s-piti-less-ly-tor-n > a-sunder > the-motley > feud-al > tie-s > that=bound > man > to=hi-s=n-a-tur-al > super-io-r-s > and=ha-s-le-f-t > re-main-ing > no-other > nex-us > be-tu-in-man-and-man > than=naked > sel-f-in-ter-est > than=call-ous > cash-pay-ment > it=ha-s-droun-ed > the-most-heauen-ly > ec-stas-ie-s > of=re-ligi-ous-feru-or > of-chiual-r-ous-en-thu-si-asm > of=philistine > senti-ment-al-ism > in=th-icy-uater > of=ego-t-ist-ic-al > calc-ul-ation > it=ha-s-re-solue-d > per-son-al-uorth > in-to-ex-change-ualue > and=in-place > of=the-number-less > and=in-de-feas-ible > charter-ed > free-dom-s > ha-s-set-up > that > sin-gle > un-con-scion-able > free-dom > free-trade > in-one-uord=for=ex-ploit-ation > ueil-ed > by=re-ligi-ous > and=poli-it-ical > il-lus-ion-s > naked > shame-less > di-rect > brut-al > ex-ploit-ation > the-bourg-eois-ie > ha-s-stripp-ed > of=it-s-halo > euer-y > oc-cup-ation > hither-to > hon-or-ed > and=look-ed=up > to > uith=re-uer-ent-aue > it=ha-s-con-uert-ed > the-phys-ic-ian > the-lau-y-er > the-priest > the-poet > the-man-of-scien-ce > in-to=it-s=pai-d-uage-lab-or-er-s > the-bourg-eois-ie > ha-s-tor-n=a-ua > from=the-family > it-s=senti-ment-al > ueil > and=ha-s-re-duce-d > the-family-re-l-ation > to=a-mere > money-re-l-ation > the-bourg-eois-ie > ha-s-dis-clos-ed > hou > it=came-to-pass > that=the-brut-al > dis-play > of=uigor > in-the-midd-l-age-s > uhich=re-ac-tion-ist-s > so-much > ad-mire > found > it-s=fitt-ing > com-pl-e-ment > in=the-most-slo-th-ful > in-dol-en-ce > it=ha-s-bee-n > the-fir-st > to-shou > uhat > man-s > act-iu-ity > can-bring=ab-out > it=ha-s-ac-com-pl-ish-ed > uonder-s > far-sur-pass-ing=egypt-ian-pyramids > rom-an-aque-duct-s > and=goth-ic-cath-edr-al-s > it=ha-s-con-duct-ed > ex-ped-ition-s > that=put > in=the-shade > all=for-mer > ex-od-us-es > of=n-ation-s > and=crus-ade-s > the-bourg-eois-ie > can-n-ot-e-xi-st > uith-out=con-st-ant-ly-re-uolu-tion-is-ing > th-in-stru-ment-s > pro-duc-tion > and=th-ere-by > the-re-l-ation-s > of=pro-duc-tion-s > and=uith=them > th-uhole-re-l-ation-s-of-soci-ety > con-seru-ation > of=th-old-mode-s-of-pro-duc-tion > in=un-alt-er-ed > form > uas > on-the-contr-ary > the-fir-st >cond-ition-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > for=all=ear-li-er > indu-stri-al-class-es > con-st-ant-re-uolu-tion-is-ing > of=pro-duc-tion > un-in-ter-rupt-ed > dis-turp-an-ce > of=al=soci-al-cond-ition-s > euer-last-ing > un-cert-ain-ty > and=ag-it-ation > dis-tingu-ish > the-bourg-eois > ep-och > from=all=ear-li-er-one-s > all > fix-ed > fast-froz-en > re-l-ation-s > uith=thei-r=trai-n > of=ancient > and=uener-able > pre-iudice-s > and=opinion-s > ar-e-suep-t=a-uay > all=neu-form-ed-one-s > be-come-antiqu-ate-d > be-fore > they=can-ossi-fy > all=that=is-sol-id > melt-s > in-to=air > all=that=is-hol-y > is-pro-fane-d > and=man > is-at-last-com-pell-ed > to-face > uith=sober-sense-s > hi-s=re-al > cond-ition-s > of=life > and=hi-s=re-l-ation-s > uith=hi-s=kin-d > the-need > of=a-con-st-ant-ly-x-pand-ing > mark-et > for=it-s=pro-duct-s > chase-s > the-bourg-eois-ie > oue-r=th-uhole-sur-face > of=the-globe > it=must > nest-le > euer-y-uhe-re > sett-le > euer-y-uh-ere > e-st-abl-ish > con-nex-ion-s > euer-y-uh-ere > the-bourg-eois-ie > ha-s > thru=it-s=ex-ploit-ation > of=the-uorld-mark-et > gi-ue-n > a-cosmo-pol-it-an > character > to=pro-duc-tion-and-con-sump-tion > in=euer-y > countr-y > to=the-great-chagrin > of=re-ac-tion-ist-s > it=ha-s > drau-n > from-under=the-feet > of=indu-stry > the-n-ation-al-ground > on=uhich=it-stood > all=old-e-st-abl-ish-ed > n-ation-al-indu-strie-s > ha-ue-bee-n-de-stroy-ed ~ or=are-dai-ly-be-ing-de-stroy-ed > they=a-re-dis-lodge-d > by=neu-indu-strie-s > uho-se=in-tro-duc-tion > be-come-s > a-li-f-and-dea-th-ques-tion > for=all=ciu-il-ize-d-na-tio-n-s > by=indu-strie-s > that=n-o-longer > uork=up > indi-gen-ous > rau-mater-i-al > but=rau-mater-i-al > drau-n > from=the-re-mo-t-est > zone-s > indu-strie-s > uho-se=pro-duct-s > a-re-con-sume-d > n-ot-on-ly=at-home > but=in=euer-y > quart-er > of=the-globe > in-place > of=th-old-uant-s > satis-fie-d > by=the-pro-duc-tion-s > of=the-countr-y > ue=find > neu-uant-s > re-quir-ing > for=thei-r=satis-fac-tion > the-pro-duct-s > of=di-st-ant > land-s-and-clime-s > in-the-place-of > th-old > loc-al > and=n-ation-al > se-clus-ion > and=sel-f-suf-fici-en-cy > ue=ha-ue > in-ter-course > in-euer-y-di-rec-tion > uni-uers-al > in-ter-de-pend-en-ce-of-n-ation-s > and=as=in=mater-i-al > so=al-so=in=intel-lectu-al-pro-duc-tion > th-intel-lectu-al-cre-ation-s > of=in-diuidu-al > n-ation-s > be-come > com-mon-pro-per-ty > n-ation-al > one-side-d-ness > and=narrou-mind-ed-ness > be-come-more-and-more-im-poss-ible > and=from=the-numer-ous > n-ation-al > and=loc-al > litera-ture-s > th-ere-a-ris-es > a-uorld-litera-ture > the-bourg-eois-ie > by=the-rap-id > im-proue-ment > of=all=in-stru-ment-s > of=pro-duc-tion > by > th-im-mens-ly > fac-il-it-ate-d > mea-n-s > of=com-mun-ic-ation > drau-s > all > euen=the-most-barbar-ian-s > n-ation-s > in-to=ciu-il-iz-ation > the-cheap-price-s > of=it-s=com-mod-itie-s > a-re > th-heau-y-artille-ry > uith=uhich=it-batt-er-s=doun > all=chin-ese-uall-s > uith=uhich=it-force-s > the-barbar-ian-s > in-tense-ly > ob-stin-ate > hat-red > of=for-eign-er-s > to-capit-ul-ate > it=com-pel-s > all=n-ation-s > on-pain-of=ex-tinc-tion > to-ad-opt > the-bourg-eois-mode-of-pro-duc-tion > it-com-pel-s-the-m > to-in-tro-duce > uuhat=it=call-s > ciu-il-iz-ation > in-to=thei-r=mid-st > id-est=to-be-come-bourg-eois > the-m-selue-s > in-one-uord=it-cre-ate-s > a-uorld > after-it-s-ou-n-im-age > the-bourg-eois-ie > ha-s-sub-iect-ed > the-countr-y > to=the-rule-of-the-toun-s > it=ha-s-cre-ate-d > e-norm-ous > ci-tie-s > ha-s-great-ly-n-crease-d > th-urb-an-popul-ation > as=com-pared > uith=the-rur-al > and=ha-s-thus-rescue-d > a-con-sider-able > part-of=the-popul-ation > from=idio-cy > of=rur-al-li-fe > iust-as=it=ha-s-ma-de > the-countr-y > de-pend-ent > on=the-toun-s > so=it=ha-s-ma-de > barbar-ian > and=semi-barbar-ian > countr-ie-s > de-pend-ent > on=the-ci-uil-ize-d-one-s > n-ation-s-of-peas-ant-s > on=n-ation-s-of-bourg-eois > th-east > on=the-uest > the-bourg-eois-ie > keep-s > more-and-more > do-ing=a-uay > uith=the-scatt-er-ed > st-ate > of=the-popul-ation > of=the-mea-n-s-of-pro-duc-tion > and=of-pro-per-ty > it=ha-s-ag=glomer-ate-d > pro-duc-tion > and=ha-s-con-centr-ate-d > pro-per-ty > in=a-feu > hand-s > the-necess-ary-con-sequ-en-ce-s > of=this > ua-s > pol-it-ic-al > centr-al-iz-ation > in-de-pend-ent ~ or=but > loose-ly > con-nect-ed > pro-uince-s > uith=se-par-ate > in-ter-est-s > lau-s > gouern-ment-s > and=sy-ste-m-s > of=tax-ation > be-came > lump-ed > to-gether > in-to=one > nation > uith=one > gouern-ment > one > code-of-laus > one > n-ation-al-class-in-ter-est > one > front-i-er > and=one > custom-s-tariff > the-bourg-eois-ie > dur-ing > it-s=rule > of=scarce > one > hundred > year-s > ha-s-cre-ate-d > more-mass-iue > and=more-colossal > pro-duct-iue-force-s > than=ha-ue > all=pre-ced-ing-gener-ation-s > to-gether > sub-iec-tion > of=n-a-ture-s-force-s > to=man > machine-ry > ap-plic-ation > of=chem-ist-ry > to=indu-stry > and=agri-cul-ture > steam-nauig-ation > rail-uay-s > electr-ic-tele-graph-s > clear-ing > of=uhole-con-tin-ent > for=cultiu-ation > canal-iz-ation-of-riuer-s > uhole-pro-duc-tion-forc-es > slumber-ed > in=the-lap > of=soci-al=labour > ue=see > then=the-mea-n-s-of-pro-duc-tion-and-of-ex-change > on=uho-se=found-ation > the-bourg-eois-ie > buil-t=it-sel-f=up > ue-re-gener-ate-d > in=feud-al-soci-ety > at=a-cert-ain > stage > in=the-de-uelop-ment > of=these > mea-n-s-of-pro-duc-tion-and-of-ex-change > the-cond-ition-s > under=uhich=feud-al-soci-ety > pro-duce-d > and=ex-change-d > the-feud-al-organ-iz-ation > of=agri-cul-ture > and=manu-fac-tur-ing-indu-stry > in-one-uord=the-feud-al-re-l-ation-s-of-pro-per-ty > be-came > n-o-longer > com-pat-ible > uith=th-al-ready > de-uelop-ed > pro-duct-iue-force-s > they=be-came > so-many > fett-er-s > they=ha-d-to-be-burst > a-sunder > they=ue-re-burst > a-sunder > in-to=thei-r=place > stepp-ed > free-com-pet-ition > ac-companie-d > by > a-soci-a-l-and-pol-it-ic-al-con-st-itu-tion > ad-apt-ed > to=it > and=by=th-eco-nomic-al-and-pol-it-ic-al > suay > of=the-bourg-eois-class > a-simil-ar > mo-ue-ment > is-go-ing-on > be-fore=ou-r-ou-n=eyes > modern-bourg-eoi-soci-ety > uith-it-s-re-l-ation-s-of-pro-duc-tion > of-ex-change > and=of-pro-per-ty > a-soci-ety > that=ha-s-con-iure-d=up > such > gigant-ic-mea-n-s > of=pro-duc-tion-and-of-ex-change > is > like=the-sorcer-er > uho=is-n-o-long-er-able-to-control > the-pouer-s > of=the-nether-uorld > uho-m=he-ha-s-call-ed-up > by-spell-s > for=many-a-decade=past > th-history > of=indu-stry > and=com-merce > is > but > th-history > of=the-re-uolt > of-modern-pro-duct-iue-force-s > again-st=modern-cond-ition-s-of-pro-duc-tion > again-st=the-pro-per-ty-re-l-ation-s > that=a-re > the-cond-itions > for=th-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > and=of=it-s=rule > it-is-enough > to-mention > the-com-merc-i-al > cris-es > that=by=thei-r=peri-od-ic-al > re-turn > put > on=it-s=tri-al > each-time > more-threat-en-ing-ly > th-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=th-entire > bourg-eois > soci-ety > in=these > cris-es > a-great-part > n-ot-on-ly=of=th-e-xi-st-ing > pro-duct-s > but-al-so=of=the-pre-uious-ly-cre-ate-d > pro-duct-iue-force-s > a-re-peri-od-ic-al-ly-de-stroy-ed > in=these > cris-es > th-ere-break-s-out > a-n-epi-dem-ic > that=in=all=ear-li-er-ep-och-s > uoul-d-ha-ue-seem-ed > a-n-ab-surd-ity > th-epi-dem-ic > of=oue-r-pro-duc-tion > soci-ety > sudden-ly > find-s=it-sel-f > put=back > in-to=a-st-ate > of=mo-ment-ary > barbar-ism > it=appears > as-if=a-famine > a-uni-uers-al-uar > of=de-uast-ation > ha-d-cut=off > the-sup-ply > of=euer-y > mea-n-s > of=sub-si-st-en-ce > indu-stry > and=com-merce > seem-to-be-de-stroy-ed > and=uhy > be-cause=th-ere-is > too-much > ciu-il-iz-ation > too-much > mea-n-s-of-sub-si-st-en-ce > too-much > indu-stry > too-much > com-merce > the-pro-duct-iue > force-s > at=the-dis-pos-al > of=soci-ety > n-o-long-er > tend-to-furth-er > the-de-uelop-ment > of=the-cond-ition-s > by=uhich > they=a-re-fett-er-ed > and=so-soon-as=they=oue-r-come > these > fett-er-s > they=bring > dis-order > in-to=th-uhole > of-bourg-eois-soci-ety > en-danger > th-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=bourg-eois-pro-per-ty > the-condi-tion-s > of-bourg-eois-soci-ety > a-re-too-narrou > to-com-prise > the-ueal-th > cre-ate-d > by=the-m > and=hou > do-es > the-bourg-eois-ie > get=oue-r > these > cris-es > on-the-one-hand > in-force-d > de-struc-tion > of=a-mass-of=pro-duct-iue-force-s > on-th-other > by=the-con-quest > of=neu-mark-et-s > and=by-the-more=thorough-ex-ploit-ation > of=th-old-one-s > that-is-to-say=by-pau-ing > the-uay > for=more-ex-tens-iue > and=more-de-struct-iue > crisies > and=by-di-min-ish-ing > the-mea-n-s > uh-ere-by > cris-es > a-re-pre-uent-ed > the-ueapon-s > uith=uhich=the-bourg-eois-ie > fell-ed > feud-al-ism > to=the-ground > a-re-nou-turn-ed > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > it-sel-f >  but=n-ot-on-ly=ha-s > the-bourg-eois-ie > forge-d > the-ueapon-s > that=bring > dea-th > tu=it-sel-f > it=ha-s-call-ed > in-to=e-xi-st-en-ce > the-men > uho=a-re-to-uield > those > ueapon-s > the-modern-uork-ing-class > the-proletari-an-s > in-pro-por-tion-as=the-bourg-eois-ie > id-est=capit-al > is-de-uelop-ed > in=the-same > pro-por-tion > is > the-proletari-at > the-modern-uork-ing-class > de-uelop-ed > a-class-of-lab-or-er-s > uho=li-ue > on-ly=so-long-as=thay-find > uork > and=uho=find > uork > on-ly=so-long-as=thei-r=lab-or > in-creas-es > capit-al > these > lab-or-er-s > uho=must > sell-the-m-selue-s > piece-meal > a-re > a-com-mod-ity > like=euer-y-other > art-ic-le-of-com-merce > and=a-re-con-sequ-ent-ly-x-pose-d > to=all=the-uiciss-itude-s > of=com-pet-ition > to=all-fluctu-ation-s-of-the-mark-et > ou-ing-to=ex-tens-iue > use > of=machine-ry > and=to-diuis-ion-of-lab-or > the-uork > of=the-proletari-an-s > ha-s-lost > all=in-diuidu-al > character > and=con-sequ-ent-ly > all=charm > for=the-uork-man > he-be-come-s > a-n-ap-pend-age > of=the-machine > and=it-is > on-ly=the-most-sim-ple > most-mono-ton-ous > and=most-eas-i-ly > ac-quire-d > knack > that=is-re-quire-d > of=hi-m > hence > the-cost > of=pro-duc-tion > of=uork-man > is-re-strict-ed > al-most > entire-ly > to=the-mea-n-s-of-sub-si-st-en-ce > that=he-re-quire-s > for=hi-s-main-ten-an-ce > and=for=the-pro-pag-ation > of=hi-s=race > but=the-price > of=a-com-mod-ity > and=th-ere-fore=al-so=of=lab-or > is-equ-al > to=it-s=cost > of=pro-duc-tion > in-pro-por-tion > th-ere-fore=as=the=re-puls-iue-ness > the-uork > in-creas-es > the-uage > de-creas-es > nay-more > in-pro-por-tion > as=the-use-of-machine-ry > and=diuis-ion-of-lab-or > in-creas-es > in-the-same-proportion > the-burden > of-toil > al-so=in-creas-es > uh-ether=by=pro-long-ation > of=the-uork-ing-hour-s > by=in-crease > of=the=uork > ex-act-ed > in=a-gi-ue-n-time ~ or=by=in-creas-ed > speed > of=the-machine-ry ~ et-cetera > modern-indu-stry > ha-s-con-uert-ed > the-little > uork-shop > of=the-patri-arch-al > ma-ster > in-to=the-great-fact-or-y > of=th-indu-stri-al-capit-al-ist > mass-es > of=lab-or-er-s > croud-ed > in-to=the-fact-or-y > a-re-organ-ize-d > like=soldi-er-s > as=priu-ate-s > of=th-indu-stri-al-arm-y > they=a-re-place-d > under=the-com-mand > of=a-per-fect > hierarch-y > of=offic-er-s > and=serge-ant-s > n-ot-on-ly=a-re > they > slaue-s > of=the-bourg-eois-class > and=of=bourg-eois-st-ate > they=a-re-dai-ly-and-hour-ly-en-slaue-d > by=the-machine > by=th-oue-r-look-er > and=ab-oue-all > by=th-in-diuidu-al > bourg-eois-manu-fac-ture-r > hi-m-sel-f > the=more-op-en-ly > this > despot-ism > pro-claim-s > gain > to-be > it-s=end > and=aim > the=more-petty > the=more-hate-ful > and=the=more-em-bitter-ing > it-is > the=less > the-skill > and=e-xer-tion > of-streng-th > im-plie-d > in=manu-al-lab-or > in-other-uord-s > the=more > modern-indu-stry > be-come-s-de-uelop-ed > the=more > is > the-lab-or-of-men > super-sede-d > by=that-of=uo-men > dif-fer-en-ce-s > of=age > and=sex > ha-ue > n-o-long-er > any > dis-tinct-iue > soci-al > ual-id-ity > for=the-uork-ing-class > all > a-re > in-stru-ment-s > of=labour > more-or-les > ex-pens-iue > to=use > ac-cord-ing-to=thei-r=age > and=sex > n-o-soon-er > is > th-ex-ploit-ation-of-the-lab-or-er > by=the-manu-fac-ture-r > so=far > at-a-n-end > that=he-re-ceiue-s > hi-s=uage-s > in-cash > than=he-is-set > up-on > by=th-other > por-tion-s > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > the-land-lord > the-shop-keep-er > the-paun-brok-er > etcetera > the-lou-er-strat-a-of-the-midd-le-class > the-small-trades-people > shop-keep-er-s > re-tire-d > trade-s-men > gener-al-ly > th-and-i-craft-s-men > and=peas-ant-s > all=these > sink > gradu-al-ly > in-to=the-proletari-at > part-ly > be-cause > thei-r=di-min-utiue > capit-al > do-es-n-ot-suf-fice > for=the-scale > on=uhich=modern-indu-stry > is-carrie-d=on > and=is-suamp-ed > in=the-com-pet-ition > uith=the-large-capital-ist-s > part-ly > be-cause > thei-r=speci-al-ize-d-skill > is-render-ed > uorth-less > by=the-neu-method-s > of=pro-duc-tion-s > thus=the-proletari-at > is-recruit-ed > from=all-class-es > of=the-popul-ation > the-proletari-at > go-es > thru > uari-ous-stage-s-of-de-uelop-ment > uith=it-s=bir-th > it-s=strugg-le > uith=the-bourg-eois-sie > at-fi-st > the-con-test > is-carrie-d=on > by=in-diuidu-al-lab-or-er-s > then=by-the-uork-people > of=a-fact-or-y > then=by=th-oper-atiue-s > of=one > trade > in=one > loc-al-ity > again-st=th-in-stru-ment-s-of-pro-duc-tion > the-m-selue-s > they=de-stroy > im-port-ed-uare-s > that=com-pete > uith=thei-r=lab-or > they=smash > to=piece-s > machine-ry > they=set > fact-or-ie-s > a-blaze > they=seek-to-re-store > by=force > the-uan-ish-ed > st-at-us > of=the-uork-man > of=the-midd-l-age-s > at-this-stage > the=lab-or-er-s > still > form > a-n-in-co-her-ent > mass > scatt-er-ed > oue-r-th-uhole-countr-y > and=brok-en=up > by=thei-r=mu-tu-al > com-pet-ition > if=any-uh-ere > they=un-ite > to-form > more-com-pact > bodie-s > this > is > n-ot-yet > the-con-sequ-en-ce > of=thei-r=act-iue > un-ion > but=of=the-un-ion-of-the-bourg-eois-ie > uhich=class > in-order-to-at-tain > it-s=ou-n=pol-it-ic-al-end-s > is-com-pell-ed > to-set > the-uhole-proletari-an-s > in-mo-tion > and=is-more-oue-r-yet-for-a-time-able-to-do > so > at-this-stage > the-proletari-an-s > do-n-ot-fight > thei-r=enemie-s > but=th-enemie-s > of=thei-r=enemie-s > the-remn-ant-s > of=ab-sol-ute-mon-arch-y > the-land-ou-n-er-s > the-non-indu-stri-al-bourg-eois > the-petty-bourg-eois-ie > thus=th-uhol-histor-ic-al-mo-ue-ment > is-con-centr-ate-d > in=th-hand-s > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > euer-y  > uict-or-y > for=the-bourg-eois-ie > but=uith=the-de-uelop-ment > of=indu-stry > the-proletari-at > n-ot-on-ly=in-creas-es > in-number > it=be-come-s-con-centr-ate-d > in-great-er > mass-es > it-s=streng-th > grou-s > and=it-feel-s > that=streng-th > more > the-uari-ous > in-ter-est-s > and=cond-ition-s-of-li-fe > uith-in=the-rank-s > of=the-proletari-at > a-re-more-and-more-equ-al-ize-d > in-pro-por-tion-as=machine-ry > ob-liter-at-s > all=dis-tinc-tion-s > of=lab-or > and=near-ly > euer-y-hu-ere > re-duce-s > uage-s > to=same > lou > leu-el > the=grou-ing > com-pet-ition > among=the-bourg-eois > and=the-result-ing > com-merc-i-al > cris-es > make > the-uage-s > of=the-uork-er-s > euer-more > fluctu-at-ing > th-un-ceas-ing > im-pro-ue-ment > of=machine-ry > euer-more > rap-id-ly > de-uelop-ing > make-s > thei-r=li-ue-li-hood > more-and-more > the-character > of=col-lis-ion-s > be-tu-in > in-diuidu-al > uork-men > and=in-diuidu-al > bourg-eois > take > more-and-more > the-character > of=col-lis-ion-s > be-tu-in > tuo > class-es > th-ere-up-on > the-uork-er-s > begin-to-form > com-bin-ation-s > trade-un-ion-s > again-st=the-bourg-eois > they=club > to-gether > in-order-to-keep=up > the-rate-of-uage-s > they=found > per-man-ent > as-soci-ation-s > in-order-to-make > pro-uis-ion > be-fore-hand > for=these > oc-cas-ion-nal > re-uolt-s > h-ere-and-th-ere > the-con-test > break-s=out > in-to=riot-s > nau-and-then > the-uork-er-s > the-uork-er-s > a-re-uict-or-i-ous > but=on-ly=for=a-time > the-real-fruit > of=thei-r=batt-le-s > lie-s > n-ot=in=th-im-med-iate > result > but=in=th-euer-ex-pand-ing > un-ion-of-uork-er-s > this > un-ion > is-help-ed=on > by=th-im-proue-d > mea-n-s-of-com-mun-ic-ation > that=a-re-cre-ate-d > by=modern-indu-stry > and=that=place > the-uork-er-s > of=dif-fer-ent > loc-al-itie-s > in-con-tact > uith=one-a-n-other > it-uas > iust=this > con-tact > that=uas-need-ed > to-centr-al-ize > the-numer-ous > loc-al > strugg-le-s > all=of=the-same > character > in-to=one-n-ation-al-strugg-le > be-tu-in=class-es > but=euer-y > class-strugg-le > is-pol-it-ic-al-strugg-le > and=that > un-ion > to-at-tain > uhich=the-burgh-er-s > of=the-midd-l-age-s > uith=thei-r=miser-able > high-uay-s > re-quire-d > centu-rie-s > the-modern-proletari-an-s > thank-s > to=rail-uay-s > achieue > in-a-feu-year-s > this > organ-iz-ation > of=the-proletari-an-s > in-to=a-class > and=con-sequ-ent-ly > in-to=a-pol-it-ic-al-part-y > is-con-tinu-al-ly > be-ing-up-set=again > by=the-com-pet-ition > be-tu-in=the-uork-er-s > the-m-selue-s > but=it=euer-ris-es=up=again > strong-er > firm-er > might-i-er > it=com-pel-s > leg-is-l-atiue > re-cog-n-ition > of=part-ic-ul-ar > in-ter-est-s > of=the-uork-er-s > by=tak-ing > aduant-age > of=the-diuis-ion-s > among=the-bourg-eois-ie > it-sel-f > thus=the-ten-hour-s-bill > in-eng-land > uas-carrie-d > al-to-gether > col-lis-ion-s > be-tu-in > the=class-es > of=old-soci-ety > furth-er > in-many-uay-s > the-course > of=de-uelop-ment > of=the-proletari-at > the=bourg-eois-ie > find-s=it-sel-f > in-uolue-d > in=a-con-st-ant-batt-le > at-fir-st > uith=th=ar-isto-crac-y > lat-er-on > uith=those > por-tion-s-of=the-bourg-eois-ie > it-sel-f > uho-se=in-ter-est-s > ha-ue-be-come-ant-agon-ist-ic > to=the-pro-gress > of=indu-stry > at-all-time-s > uith-the-bourg-eois-ie > of=for-eign-countr-ies > in=all=these > batt-le-s > it-see-s=it-sel-f > com-pell-ed > to-appeal > to=the-proletari-at > to-ask > for=it-s=help > and=thus=to-drag=it > in-to=the-pol-it-ic-al > arena > the-bourg-eois-ie > it-sel-f > th-ere-fore=sup-plie-s > the-proletari-at > uith=it-s=ou-n-in-stru-ment-s > of=pol-it-ic-al > and=gener-al-e-duc-ation > in-other-uord-s=it=furn-ish-es > the-proletari-at > uith=the-ueapon-s > for=fight-ing > the-bourg-eois-ie > furth-er > as=ue=ha-ue-al-ready-see-n > entire > sec-tion-s-of=the-rul-ing-class-es > a-re > by=th-aduance > of=indu-stry > pre-cip-it-ate-d > in-to=the-proletari-at > or=a-re-at-least-threat-en-ed > in=thei-r=cond-ition-s-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > these > al-so=sup-ply > the-proletari-at > uith=fresh > ele-ment-s > of=en-light-en-ment > and=pro-gress > fin-al-ly > in-time-s > uhen=the-class > near-s > the-de-cis-iue > hour > the-pro-cess > of-dis-solu-tion > go-ing=on > uith-in=the-rul-ing-class > in-fact > uith-in=th-uhole-range > of=soci-ety > as-sume-s > such > a-uiol-ent > glar-ing > character > that=a-small-sec-tion-of=the-rul-ing-class > cut-s=it-sel-f > a-dri-ft > and=ioi-n-s > the-re-uolu-tion-ary-class > the-class > that=hold-s > the-fu-ture > in=it-s=hand-s > iust-as=th-ere-fore=at=a-n-ear-li-er > peri-od > a-sec-tion-of=the-no-bil-ity > uent=oue-r > to=the-bourg-eois-ie > go-es=oue-r > to=the-proletari-at > and=in-part-ic-ul-ar > a-por-tion-of > the-bourg-eois > ideo-log-ist-s > uho=ha-ue-rais-ed-the-m-selue-s > to=the-leu-el > of=com-prehend-ing > theoret-ic-al-ly > th-histor-ic-al-mo-ue-ment > as-a-uhole > of=all=the-class-es > that=stand > face-to-face > uith=the-bourg-eois-ie > to-day > the-proletari-at=al-one > is > a-real-ly > re-uolu-tion-ary-class > th-other > class-es > de-cay > and=fin-al-ly > dis-apear > in=the-face-of=modern-indu-stry > the-proletari-at > is > it-s=speci-al > and=essenti-al > pro-duct > the=lou-er-midd-le-class > the-small-manu-fac-tur-er > the-shop-keep-er > th-artis-an > the-peas-ant > all=these > fight > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > to-sa-ue > from=ex-tinc-tion > thei-r=e-xi-st-en-ce > as=frac-tion-s-of=the-midd-le-class > they=a-re-th-ere-fore-n-ot-re-uolu-tion-ary > but=con-seru-atiue > nay-more > they=a-re-re-ac-tion-ary > for=they=try-to-roll=back > the-hueel-of-history > if=by-chance > = they=a-re-re-uolu-tion-ary > they=a-re > so >on-ly=in-uieu-of=thei-r=im-pend-ing > trans-fer > in-to=the-proletari-at > they=thus-de-fend > n-ot=thei-r=pre-sent > but=thei-r=fu-ture > in-ter-est-s > they=desert > thei-r-ou-n=stand-point > to-place=the-m-selue-s > at=that-of=the-proletari-at > the-danger-ous-class > the-soci-al-scum > that=pass-iue-ly > rott-ing > mass > throu-n=off > by=the-lou-est-lay-er-s > of=old-soci-ety > may-h-ere-and-th-ere-be-suep-t > in-to=the-mo-ue-ment > by=a-proletari-an-re-uolu-tion > it-s=cond-ition-s-of-li-fe > hou-euer > pre-pare=it > far-more > for=the-part-of=bribe-d > tool > of=re-ac-tion-ary > in-trigue > in=the-cond-ition-s > of=the-proletari-at > those > of=old-soci-ety > at-large > a-re-al-ready-uirtu-al-ly-suamp-ed > the-proletari-an > is > uith-out=pro-per-ty > hi-s=re-l-ation > to=hi-s-ui-fe-and-child-r-en > ha-s-n-o-long-er > any-thing > in-com-mon > uith=the-bourg-eois > family-re-l-ation-s > modern-indu-stri-al-lab-or > modern-sub-iec-tion > capit-al > the-same > in=eng-land > as=in-france > in=america > as=in=germany > ha-s-stripp-ed=hi-m > of=euer-y > trace > n-ation-al-character > lau > moral-ity > re-lig-ion > a-re > to=hi-m > so-many > bourg-eois > pre-iudice-s > be-hind=uhich=lurk > in-ambush > iust=as=many > bourg-eois > in-ter-est-s > all=the-pre-ced-ing-class-es > that=got > th-upp-r-hand > sough-t-to-forti-fy > thei-r=al-ready > ac-quire-d > stat-us > by=sub-iect-ing > soci-ety > at-large > to=thei-r=cond-ition-s > of=ap-pro-pri-ation > the-proletari-an-s > can-n-ot-be-come > ma-ster-s > of=the-pro-duct-iue-force-s > of=soci-ety > ex-cept=by=ab-ol-ish-ing > thei-r=ou-n=pre-uious > mode > of=ap=pro-pri-ation > and=th-ere-by=al-so=euer-y-other > pre-uious > mode > of=ap-pro-pri-ation > they=ha-ue-n-o-thing=of=thei-r-ou-n-to-se-cure > and=to-forti-fy > thei-r=miss-ion > is > to=de-stroy > all=pre-uious > se-cur-ities > for > and=in-sur-an-ce-s > of=in-diuidu-al-pro-per-ty > all=pre-uious > histor-ic-al-mo-ue-ment-s > ue-re-mo-ue-ment-s > of=min-or-itie-s ~ or=in=th-in-ter-est-s > of=min-or-itie-s > the-proletari-an-mo-ue-ment > is > the-sel-f-con-sci-ous > in-de-pend-ent > mo-ue-ment > of=th-im-mense > mai-or-ity > in=th-in-ter-est-s > of=th-im-mens > mai-or-ity > the-proletari-at > the-lou-est > strat-um > of=ou-r=pre-sent > soci-ety > can-n-ot-stir > can-n-ot-raise=it-sel-f=up > uith-out=th-uhole-super-incumb-ent-strat-a > of=offici-al > soci-ety > be-ing-sprung > in-to-air > tho=n-ot=in=sub-st-an-ce > yet=in-form > the-strugg-le > of=the-proletari-at > uith=the=bourg-eois-ie > is > at-fir-st > a-n-ation-al-strugg-le > the-proletari-at > of=each > countr-y > must > of-course > fir-st-of-all > sett-le > matter-s > uith=it-s=ou-n > bourg-eois-ie > in=de-pict-ing > the=most-gener-al > phas-es > of=the-de-uelop-ment > of=the-proletari-at > ue=trace-d > the-more-or-less > ueil-ed > ciu-il-uar > rag-ing > uith-in=e-xi-st-ing > soci-ety > up-to-the-point-uh-ere=that > uar > break-s=out > in-to=open > re-uolu-tion > and=uh-ere=the-uiol-ent > oue-r-throu > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > lay-s > the-found-ation > for=the-suay > of=the-proletari-at > hither-to > euer-y > form-of=soci-ety > ha-s-bee-n-base-d > as=ue=ha-ue-al-ready-see-n > on=th-ant-agon-ism > of=op=press-ing > and=op-press-ed-class-es > but=in-order-to-op-press > a-class > cert-ain > cond-ition-s > must > be-as-sure-d > to=it > under=uhich=it=can-at-least-con-tin-ue > it-s=slau-ish > e-xi-st-en-ce > the-serf > in=the-peri-od > of=serf-dom > raise-d=hi-m-sel-f > to=member-ship > in=the-com-mune > iust=as=the=petty-bourg-eois > under=the-yoke > of=feud-al > ab-solut-ism > man-age-d > to-de-uelop > in-to=a-bourg-eois > the-modern-lab-or-er > on-the-contr-ary > in-stead > of=ris-ing > uith=the-pro-gress > of=indu-stry > sink-s > deep-er > be-lou=the-cond-ition-s-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=hi-s-ou-n=class > he-be-come-s > a-pauper > and=pauper-ism > de-uelop-s > more=rap-id-ly > than=popul-ation > and=ueal-th > and=h-ere > it=be-come-s-e-uid-ent > that=the-bourg-eois-ie > is > un-fit > any-long-er > to-be > the-rul-ing-class > in-soci-ety > and=to-im-pose > it-s=cond-ition-s-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > up-on=soci-ety > as=a-n-oue-r-rid-ing-lau > it-is-un-fit > to-rule > be-cause=it-is-in-com-pet-ent > to-as-sure > a-n-e-xi-st-en-ce > to=it-s=slaue > uith-in=hi-s=slaue-ry > be-cause=it-can-n-ot-help-lett-ing-hi-m > sink > in-to=such > a-st-ate > that=it=ha-s-to-feed-hi-m > in-stead > of=be-ing-fed > by=hi-m > soci-ety > can-n-o-longer-li-ue > under=this > bourg-eois-ie > in-other-uord-s=it-s=e-xi-st-en-ce > is-n-o-long-er-com-pat-ible > uith=soci-ety > th-essenti-al-cond-ition > for=th-e-xi-st-en-ce > and=for=the-suay-of-the-bourg-eois-class > is > the-form-ation > and=aug-ment-ation-of-capit-al > the-cond-ition > for=capit-al > is > uage-lab-or > uage-lab-or > rest-s > ex-clus-iue-ly=on=com-pet-ition > be-tu-in=the-lab-or-er-s > th-aduance > of-indu-stry > uho-se=in-uolunt-ary > pro-m-t-er > is > the-bourg-eois-ie > re-place-s > th-isol-ation > of=the-lab-or-er-s > due=to-com-pet-ition > by=thei-r=re-uolu-tion-ary > com-bin-ation > due-to=as-soci-ation > the-de-uelop-ment > of=modern-indu-stry > th-ere-fore > cut-s > from-under=it-s=feet > the-uery > found-ation > on-uhich=the-bourg-eois-ie > pro-duce-s > and=ap=propr-ate-s > pro-duct-s > uhat=the-bourg-eois-ie > th-ere-fore=pro-duce-s > ab-oue-all > is > it-s=ou-n > graue-digg-er-s > it-s=fall > and=the-uict-or-y > of=the-proletari-at > a-re-equ-al-ly-n-e-uit-able 

proletari-an-s > and=com-mun-ist-s > in=uhat > re-l-ation > do > the-com-mun-ist-s > stand > to=the-proletari-an-s > as-a-uhole? the-com-mun-ist-s > do-n-ot-form > a-se-par-ate > part-y > op-pose-d > to > other > uork-ing-class-par-tie-s > they=ha-ue > n-o=in-ter-es-s > se-par-ate > and=a-part-from=those > of=the-proletari-at > as-a-uhole > they=do-n-ot-set-up > any > sect-ari-an-princip-le-s > of=thei-r=ou-n > by=uhich=to-shape > and=mould > the-proletari-an-mo-ue-ment > the-com-mun-ist-s > a-re-dis-tingu-ish-ed > from=th-other > uork-ing-class-part-ie-s > by=this > on-ly > in=the-n-ation-al-strugg-le-s > of=the-proletari-an-s > of=the-dif-fer-ent > countr-ie-s > they=point=out > and=bring > to=the-front > the-com-mon-in-ter-est-s > of=th-entire > proletari-at > in-de-pend-ent-ly > of=all=n-ation-al-ity > in=the-uari-ous-stage-s > of=de-uelop-ment > uhich=the-strugg-le > of=the-uork-ing-class > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > ha-s-to-pass > thru > they=al-uay-s-and-euer-y-hu-ere-re-pre-sent > th-in-ter-est-s > of=the-mo-ue-ment > as-a-uhole > the-com-mun-ist-s > th-ere-fore > a-re > on-the-one-hand > pract-ic-al-ly > the-most-aduance-d > and=re-sol-ute > sec-tion > of=the-uork-ing-class-part-ie-s > of=euer-y > countr-y > that=sec-tion > uhich=push-es > for-ua-rd > all > other-s > on-th-other-hand > theoret-ic-al-ly > they=ha-ue > oue-r=the-great-mass-of=the-proletari-at > th-aduant-age > of=clear-ly > under-stand-ing > the=line > of=march > the-cond-ition-s > and=th-ultimate > general > result-s > of=the-proletari-an-mo-ue-ment > th-im-medi-ate-aim > of=the-com-mun-ist > is > the-same-as=that-of=all-th-other=proletari-an-part-ie-s > form-ation > of=the-proletari-at > in-to=a-class > oue-r-throu > of=the-bourg-eois-supr-em-a-cy > con-quest > of=pol-it-ic-al-pouer > by=the-proletari-at > in-to=a-class > oue-r-throu > of=the-bourg-eois > supr-em-a-cy > con-quest > of=pol-it-ic-al-pouer > by=the-proletari-at > the-theoret-ic-al > con-clus-ion-s > of=the-com-mun-ist-s > a-re-in-n-o-uay-base-d > on=idea-s > or=princip-le-s > that=ha-ue-bee-n-in-uent-ed ~ or=dis-couer-ed > by=this ~ or=that > uoul-d-be-uni-uers-al > re-form-er > they=mere-ly-x-press > in-gener-al-term-s > actu-al > re-l-ation-s > spring-ing > from=a-n-e-xi-st-ing > class-strugg-le > from=a-histor-ic-al-mo-ue-ment > go-ing=on > under=ou-r=uery > eye-s > th-ab-ol-ition > of=e-xi-st-ing > pro-per-ty-re-l-ation-s > is > n-ot=at-al=a-dis-tinct-iue > fea-ture > of=com-mun-ism > all=pro-per-ty > re-l-ation-s > in=the-past > ha-ue-con-tinu-al-ly-bee-n-sub-iect > to=histor-ic-al-change > con-sequ-ent > up-on=the-change > in=th-histor-ic-al-cond-ition-s > the-french-re-uolu-tion > for-e-xamp-le > ab-ol-ish-ed > feud-al-pro-per-ty > in-fauor-of=bourg-eois-pro-perty > the-dis-tingu-ish-ing > fea-ture > of-com-mun-ism > is=n-ot > th-ab-ol-ition > of=pro-per-ty > gener-al-ly > but=th-ab-ol-ition > of=the-bourg-eois-pro-per-ty > but=modern-bourg-eois > priu-ate-pro-per-ty > is > the-fin-al > and=most-com-pl-ete > ex-press-ion > of=the-sy-ste-m > of=pro-duc-ing > and=ap-pro-pri-at-ing > pro-duct-s > that=is-base-d > on=class-ant-agon-ism-s > on=th-ex-ploit-ation > of=the-many > by=the-feuu > in=this=sense > the-theory > of=the-com-mun-ist-s > may-be > summ-ed=up > in=the-sin-gle > sent-en-ce > ab-ol-ition > of=priu-ate-pro-per-ty > ue=com-mun-ist-s-ha-ue-bee-n-re-proach-ed > uith=the-desire > of=ab-ol-ish-ing > the-right > of=per-son-al-ly > ac-quir-ing > pro-per-ty > as=the-fruit > of=a-man-s > ou-n=lab-or > uhich=pro-per-ty > is-allege-d > to-be > the=ground-uork > of=all=per-son-al > free-dom > act-iue > act-iu-ity > and=in-de-pend-en-ce > hard-uon > sel-f-ac-quire-d > sel-f-earn-ed > pro-per-ty > do > you=mean > the-pro-per-ty > of=the-petty-artis-an > and=of=the-small-peas-ant > a-form > of=pro-per-ty > that=pre-ced-ed > the-bourg-eois > form > th-ere-is > n-o=need > to-ab-ol-ish > that > the-de-uelop-ment > of=indu-stry > ha-s-to-a-great-ex-tent-al-ready-de-stroy-ed=it > and=is-still-de-stroy-ing=it > dai-ly ~ or=do > you=mean > modern-bourg-eois-priu-ate-pro-per-ty > but=do-es > uage-lab-or > cre-ate > any > pro-per-ty > for=the-lab-or-er > n-ot=a-bit > it=cre-ate-s > capit-al > id-est=that > kind > of=pro-per-ty > uhich=ex-ploit-s > uage-lab-or > and=uhich=can-n-ot-in-crease > ex-cept=up-on=cond-ition > of=be-gett-ing > a-neu > sup-ply > of=uage-lab-or > for=fresh > ex-ploit-ation > pro-per-ty > in > it-s=pre-sent > form > is-base-d > on=th-ant-agon-ism > of=capit-al > and=uage-lab-or > let-us-ex-a-min > both > side-s > of=this > ant-agon-ism > to-be > a-capit-al-ist > is > to-ha-ue > n-ot=on-ly=a-pure-ly > per-son-al > but=a-soci-al-stat-us > in-pro-duc-tion > capit-al > is > a-col-lect-iue > pro-duct > and=on-ly=by=the-un=ite-d > ac-tion > of=many > member-s > nay=in=the-last-resort > on-ly=by=the-un-it-ed > ac-tion > of=all-member-s > of=soci-ety > can > it=be-set > in-mo-tion > capit-al > is > th-ere-fore=n-ot=per-son-al > it-is > a-soci-al > pouer > uhen=th-ere-fore=capit-al > is-con-uert-ed > in-to=com-mon > pro-per-ty > in-to=the-pro-per-ty > of=all-member-s > soci-ety > per-son-al-pro-per-ty > is-n-ot-th-ere-by-trans-form-ed > in-to=soci-al-pro-per-ty > it-is > on-ly=the-soci-al-character > of=the-pro-per-ty > that=is-change-d > it=los-es > it-s=class-character > let-us-nou-take > uage-lab-or > th-auerage-price > of=uage-lab-or > is > the-min-im-um-uage > id-est=that > quantum > of=the-mea-ns-of-sub-si-st-en-ce > uhich=is-ab-sol-ute-ly-re-quis-ite > in=bare-e-xi-st-en-ce > as=a-lab-or-er > uhat > th-ere-fore > the=uage-lab-or-er > ap-pro-pri-ate-s > by=mea-n-s-of=hi-s=lab-or > mere-ly > suf-fice-s > to-pro-long > and=re-pro-duce > a-bare-e-xi-st-en-ce > ue=by-n-o-mea-n-s-in-tend-to-ab-ol-ish > this > per-son-al > ap-pro-pri-ation > of=the-pro-duct-s > of=lab-or > a-n-ap-pro-pri-ation > that=is-made > for=the-main-ten-an-ce > and=re-pro-duc-tion > of=human-li-fe > and=that > lea-ue-s > n-o=sur-plus > uh-er-uith=to-com-mand > the-lab-or > of=other-s > all=that=ue=uant-to-do=a-uay > uith > is > the-miser-able > character > of=this > ap-pro-pri-ation > under=uhich=the-lab-or-er > li-ue-s > mere-ly=to-increase > capit-al > and=is-allou-ed > to-li-ue > on-ly=n-so-far-as=th-in-ter-est > of=the-rul-ing-class > re-quire-s=it > in=bourg-eois-soci-ety > li-u-ing > lab-or > is > but > a-mea-n-s > to-in-crease > ac-cumul-ate-d > lab-or > in > com-mun-ist > soci-ety > ac-cumul-ate-d > lab-or > is > but > a-mea-n-s > to-en-rich > to-pro-mote > th-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=the-lab-or-er > in-bourg-eois-soci-ety > th-ere-fore=the-past > domin-ate-s > the-pre-sent > in-com-mun-ist-soci-ety > the-pre-sent > domin-ate-s > the-past > in-bourg-eois-soci-ety > capit-al > is-in-de-pend-ent > and=ha-s > in-diuidu-al-ity > and=th=ab=ol-ition > of=this > st-ate > of=thing-s > is-call-ed > by=the-bourg-eois > ab-ol-ition > of=in-diuidu-al-ty > and=free-dom > and=right-ly > so > th-ab-ol-ition > of=bourg-eois > in-diuidu-al-ity > bourg-eois > in-de-pend-en-ce > and=bourg-eois > free-dom > is-un-doubt-ed-ly-aim-ed > at > by=free-dom > is=meant > under=the=pre-sent-cond-ition-s-of-pro-duc-tion > free-trade > free-sell-ing > and=buy-ing > but =if=sell-ing > and=buy-ing > dis-appear-s > free-sell-ing > and=buy-ing > dis-appear-s > al-so > this > talk > ab-out > free-sell-ing-and-buy-ing > and=all=th-other=braue-uords > of=ou-r=bourg-eois-ie > ab-out=free-dom > in-gener-al > ha-ue > a-mean-ing > if=any > on-ly=in=contrast > uith=re-strict-ed > sell-ing-and-buy-ing > uith=the-fett-er-ed > trad-er-s > of=the-midd-l-age-s > but=ha-ue > n-o=mean-ing > uhen=op=pose-d > to=the-com-mun-ist-ic > ab-ol-ition > of=buy-ing-and-sell-ing > of=the-bourg-eois-cond-ition-s-of-pro-duc-tion > and=the-bourg-eois-ie > it-sel-f > you=a-re-horr-ifie-d > at=ou-r=in-tend-ing-to-do=a-uay > uith=priu-ate-pro-per-ty > but=in=you-r=e-xi-st-ing > soci-ety > priuate-pro-per-ty > is-al-ready-done=a-uay > uith > for=nine > ten-th-s-of=the-popul-ation > it-s=e-xi-st-en-ce > for=the-feu > is > sole-ly > due-to=it-s=e-xi-st-en-ce > in=th-hand-s > of=those > nine > ten-th-s > you=re-proach=us > th-ere-fore=uith=in-tend-ing-to-do=a-uay > uith=a-form > of=pro-per-ty > the-ne-cess-ary > cond-ition > for=uho-se=e-xi-st-en-ce > is > the=non-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=any > pro-per-ty > for=th-im-mense > mai-or-ity > of=soci-ety > in-one-uord=you=re-proach=us > uith=in-tend-ing-to-do=a-uay > uith=you-r=pro-per-ty > pre-cise-ly > so > that > is > iust > uhat=ue=in-tend > from=the-mo-ment > uhen=lab-or > can-n-o-long-er-be-con-uert-ed > in-to=capit-al ~ money ~ or=rent > in-to=a-soci-al > pouer > cap-able > of=be-ing-mono-pol-ise-d > id-est=from=the-mo-ment > uhen=in-diuidu-al-pro-per-ty > can-n-o-long-er-be-trans-form-ed > in-to=bourg-eois-pro-per-ty > in-to=capit-tal > from=that > mo-ment > you=say > in-diuidu-al-ity > uan-ish-es > you=must > th-ere-fore=confess > that=by=in-diuidu=al > you=mean > n-o-other > per-son > than=the-bourg-eois > than > the-midd-le-class > ou-n-er > of=pro-per-ty > this > per-son > must > in-deed > be-suep-t > out-of-the-uay > and=made > im-poss-ible > com-mun-ism > de-priue-s > n-o-man > of=the-pouer > to-ap-pro-pri-ate > the-pro-duct-s > of-soci-ety > all=that=it=do-es > is > to-de=priue=hi-m > of=the-pouer > to-sub-iug-ate > the-lab-or > of=other-s > by-mea-n-s-of=such > ap-pro-pri-ation > it=ha-s-bee-n-ob-iect-ed > that=up-on=the-ab-ol-ition > of=priuate-pro-per-ty > all > uork > uill-cease > and=uni-uers-al > lazi-ness > uill-oue-r-take-us > ac-cord-ing-to=this > bourg-eois-soci-ety > ought-long-a-go-to-ha-ue-gone > to=the-dog-s > thru=sheer > idle-ness > for=those > of=it-s=member-s > uho=uork > ac-quire > n-o=thing > and=those > uho=ac-quire > any-thing > do-n-ot-uork > th-uhole > of=this > ob-iec-tion > is > but > a-n-other > ex-press-ion > of=t-auto-logy > that=th-ere-can-n-o-long-er-be > any > uage-lab-or > uhen=th-ere-is-n-o-long-er > any > capit-al > all > ob-iec-tion-s > urge-d > again-st=the-com-mun-ist-ic > mode > of=pro-duc-ing > and=ap=pro-pri-at-ing > mater-i-al > pro-duct-s > ha-u-in-the-same-uay-bee-n-urge-d > again-st=the-com-mun-ist-ic > mode-s-of-pro-duc-ing-and-ap-propro-at-ing-intel-lectu-al-pro-duct-s > iust-as=to=the-bourg-eois > the-dis-appear-an-ce > of=class-pro-per-ty > is > the-dis-appear-an-ce > of=pro-duc-tion > it-sel-f > so > the-dis-appear-an-ce > of=class-cul-ture > is > to=hi-m > ident-ic-al > uith=the-dis-appear-an-ce > of=all-cul-ture > that=cul-ture > the=loss > of=uhich=he-lament-s > is > for=th-e-norm-ous > mai-or-ity > a-mere > train-ing > to-act > as=a-machine > but > do-nt-urangle > uith=us > so-long-as=you=ap-ply > to=ou-r=in-tend-ed > ab-ol-ition > of=bourg-eois > pro-per-ty > the-standard > of=you-r=bourg-eois > no-tion-s > of=free-dom > cul-ture > lau > etcetera > you-r=idea-s > a-re > but > th-out-grou-th > of=the-cond-ition-s > of=you-r=bourg-eois-pro-duc-tion > and=bourg-eois-pro-per-ty > iust-as=you-r=iur-is-prud-en-nce > is > but > the-uill > of=you-r=class > ma-de > in-to=lau > for=all > a-uill > uho-se=essenti-al-character > and=di-rec-tion > a-re-de-termine-d > by=th-eco-nomic-al-cond-ition-s > of=e-xi-st-en-ce > of=you-r=class > the-sel-f-ish > mis-con-cep-tion > that=in-duce-s=you > to-trans-form > in-to=etern-al > lau-s-of-n-a-ture > and=of-reason > the-soci-al > form-s > spring-ing > from=you-r=pre-sent > mode-of-pro-duc-tion > and=form > of=pro-per-ty > histor-ic-al-re-l-ation-s > that=rise > and=dis-appear > in=the-pro-gress > of=pro-duc-tion > this > mis-con-cep-tion > you=share > uith > euer-y > rul-ing > class > that=ha-s-pre-ced-ed=you > uhat=you=see > clear-ly > in=the-case > of=ancient-pro-per-ty > uhat=you=ad-mit > in=the-case > of-feud-al-pro-per-ty > you=a-re-of-course-for-bidd-en > to-ad-mit > in=the-case > of=you-r-ou-n=bourg-eois > form > of=pro-perty > ab-ol-ition > of=the-family > euen=the-most-radic-al > flare=up > at=this > in-fam-ous > pro-pos-al > of=the-com-mun-ist-s > on=uhat > found-ation > is > the-pre-sent-family > the-bourg-eois-family > base-d > on=capit-al > on=priuate-gain > in=it-s=com-plete-ly > de-uelop-ed > form > this > family > e-xi-st-s > on-ly > among=the-bourg-eois-ie > but=this > st-ate-of-thing-s > find-s > it-s=com-pl-e-ment > in=the-pract-ic-al > ab-sence > of=the-family > among=the-proletari-an-s > and=in-publ-ic-pro-st-itu-tion > the-bourg-eois-family > uill-uan-ish > as-a-matter-of-course > uhen=it-s=com-pl-e-ment > uan-ish-es > and=both-uill-uan-ish > uith=the-uan-ish-ing > of=capit-al > do > you=charge-us > uith=uant-ing-to-stop > th-ex-ploit-ation-of-child-r-en > by=thei-r=par-ent-s > to=this > crime > ue=plead > guilt-y > but=you=uill-say > ue=de-stroy > the=most-hallou-ed > of=re-l-ation-s > uhen=ue=re-place > home-e-duc-ation > by=soci-al > and=you-r=e-duc-ation > is > n-ot=that > al-so=soci-al > and=de-termin-ed > by=the-soci-al-cond-ition-s > under=uhich=you=e-duc-ate > by=th-in-ter-uen-tion > di-rect ~ or=in-di-rect > of=soci-ety > by-mea-n-s-of=school-s > etcetera > the=com-mun-ist-s > ha-ue-n-ot-in-uent-ed > th-in-ter-uen-tion > of=soci-ety > in=e-duc-ation > they=do-but-seek-to-al-ter > the-character > of=that > in-ter-uen-tion > and=to-rescue > e-duc-ation > from=th-in-flu-en-ce-of-the-rul-ing-class > the-bourg-eois > clap-trap > ab-out=the-family > and=e-duc-ation > ab-out=th-hallou-ed > co-re-l-ation > of=par-ent > and=child > be-come-s > all=the-more-dis-gust-ing > the=more > by=ac-tion > of=modern-indu-stry > all=family-tie-s > among=the-proletari-an-s > a-re-tor-n > a-sunder > and=thei-r=child-r-en > trans-form-ed > in-to=simple > art-ic-le-s-of-com-merce > and=in-stru-ment-s-of-lab-or > but=you=com-mun-ist-s-uoul-d-in-tro-duce > com-mun-ity-of-uo-men > scream-s > th-uhole-bourg-eois-ie > in-chor-us > the-bourg-eois > see-s > in=hi-s=uife > a-mere > in-stru-ment-of-pro-duc-tion > he-hear-s > that=th-in-stru-ment-s-of-pro-duc-tion > a-re-to-be-x-ploit-ed > in-com-mon > and=the-n-a-tur-al-ly > can-come > to=n-o-other > con-clus-ion > than=that=the-lot > of=be-ing-com-mon > to=all > uill-like-uise-fall > to=the-uo-men > he-ha-s > n-ot-euen=a-sus-spic-ion > that=the-real-point > is > to-do=a-uay > uith=the-st-at-us > of=uo-men > as=mere > in=stru-ment-s-of-pro-duc-tion > for=the-rest > n-o=thing > is-more-rid-ic-ul-ous >than=the-uirtu-ous > in-dign-ation > of=ou-r=bourg-eois > at=the-com-mun-ity-of-uo-men > uhich=they=pre-tend > is > to-be-op-en-ly-nd-offici-al-ly-0-st-abl-ish-ed > by=the-com-mun-ist-s > the=com-mun-ist-s > ha-ue > n-o=need > to-in-tro-duce > com-mun-ity-of-uo-men > it=ha-s-e-xi-st-ed > al-most > from-time-im-memor-i-al > ou-r=bourg-eois > n-ot=con-tent > uith=ha-u-ing > the=ui-ue-s > in-com-mon > and=thus=at-the-most > uhat=the-com-mun-ist-s > migh-t-poss-ibl-y-be-re-proach-ed > uith > is > that=they-desire-to-in-tro-duce > in-sub-st-itu-tion-for=a-hypo-crit-ic-al-ly > con-ceal-ed > a-n-op-en-ly > leg-al-ize-d > com-mun-ity-of-uo-men > for=the-rest > it-is-sel-f-e-uid-ent > that=th-ab-ol-ition > of=the-pre-sent-sy-ste-m > of=pro-duc-tion > must > bring > uith=it > th-ab-ol-ition > of=the-com-mun-ity-of-uo-men > spring-ing > from=that > sy-ste-m > id-est=of=pro-st-itu-tion > both=publ-ic > and=priu-ate > the=com-mun-ist-s > a-re-furth-er-re-proach-ed > uith=desir-ing > to-ab-ol-ish > countr-ie-s > and=n-ation-al-ity > the-uork-ing-men > ha-ue > n=o=countr-y > ue=can-n-ot-take > from=the-m > uhat=they=ha-ue-n-ot-got > since=the-proletari-at > must > fir-st-of-all > ac-quire > pol-it-ic-al-supr-em-a-cy > must > rise > to-be > the=lead-ing-class > of=the-n-ation > must > con-st-ite > it-sel-f > the=n-ation > it-is > so-far > it-sel-f > n-ation-al > tho=n-ot=in=the-bourg-eois-sense-of-the-uord > n-ation-al > dif-fer-en-ce-s > and=ant-agon-ism-s > be-tu-een=peop-le-s > a-re-dai-ly-more-and-more-uan-ish-ing > ou-ing=to=the-de-uelop-ment > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > to=free-dom-of-com-merce > to=the-uorld-mark-et > to=uni-form-ity > in=the-mode-of-pro-duc-tion > and=in-the-cond-ition-s > of=life > cor-re-spond-ing-th-ere-to > the-supr-em-a-cy-of-the-proletari-at > uill-cause-the-m > to-uan-ish > still > fast-er > un-it-ed > ac-tion > of=the-lead-ing > ciu-il-ize-d > countr-ie-s > at-least > is > one > of=the-fir-st > cond-ition-s > for=th-e-man-cip-ation > of=the-proletari-at > in-pro-por-tion-as=th-ex-ploit-ation > of=one-in-diuidu-al > by=a-n-other > is-put > a-n-end > to > in-pro-por-tion-as=th-ant-agon-ism > be-tu-een=class-es > uith-in=the-n-ation > uan-ish-es > th-host-il-ity > one > n-ation > to=a-n-other > uill-come > to=a-n-end > the-charge-s > again-st=com-mun-ism > ma-de > from=a-re-ligi-ous > a-philo-soph-ic-al > and=gener-al-ly > from=a-n-ideo-log-ic-al > stand-point > a-re-n-ot-de-seru-ing > of=ser-i-ous > ex-a-min-ation > do-es > it=re-quire > deep-in-tu-ition > to-com-prehend > that=man-s > idea-s > uieu-s > and=con-cep-tion-s > in-one-uord=man-s > con-sci-ous-ness > change-s > uith=euer-y > change > in=the-cond-ition-s > of=hi-s=mater-i-al > in=hi-s=soci-al > re-l-ation-s > and=in=hi-s=soci-al-li-fe>  uhat=else > do-es > th-history > of=idea-s > pro-ue > than=that=intel-lectu-al > pro-duc-tion > change-s > it-s=character > in-pro-por-tion-as=mater-i-al-pro-duc-tion > is-change-d > the-rul-ing > idea-s > of=each > age > ha-ue-euer-been-n > th-idea-s > of=it-s=rul-ing-class > uhen=peop-le > speak > of=idea-s > that=re-uolu-tion-ize > soci-ety > they=do-but-ex-press > the-fact > that=uith-in=th-old-soci-ety > th-ele-ment-s > of-neu-one > ha-ue-bee-n-cre-ate-d > and=that=the-dis-solu-tion > of=th-old-idea-s > keep-s > euen-pace > uith=the-dis-solu-tion > of=th-old-cond-ition-s > of=e-xi-st-en-ce > uhen=th-ancient-uorld > uas > in=it-s=last-throe-s > th-ancient > re-lig-ion-s > ue-re-oue-r-come > by-christ-ian-ity > uhen=christ-i-an > idea-s > suc-cumb-ed > in=eight-een-th > cent-u-ry > to=r-ation-al-ist > idea-s > feu-dal-soci-ety > fought > it-s=death-batt-le > uith=the-then-re-uolu-tion-ary > bourg-eois-ie > th=idea-s > of=re-ligi-ous > liber-ty > and=free-dom-of-con-sci-en-ce > mere-ly > ga-ue > ex-press-ion > to=the-suay > of=the-free-com-pet-ition > uith-in=the-domain > of=knou-ledge > un-doubt-ed-ly > it=uill-be-said > such-as=free-dom > iust-ice > etcetera > that=a-re-com-mon > to=all-st-ate-s > of-soci-ety > but=com-mun-ism > ab-ol-ish-es > etern-al > tru-th-s > it=ab-ol-ish-es > all=re-ligi-on > and=all=mor-al-ity > in-stead > of=con-st-itut-ing=the-m > on=a-neu > bas-is > it=th-ere-fore-act-s > in=con-tra-dic-tion > to=all=past > histor-ic-al=ex-peri-en-ce > uhat > do-es > this > ac-cus-ation > re-duce=it-sel-f > to > th-histor-y > of=all-past-soci-ety > ha-s-con-si-st-ed > in=the-de-uelop-ment > of=class-ant-agon-ism-s > ant-agon-ism-s > that=as-sume-d > dif-fer-ent > form-s > at=dif-fer-ent > ep-och-s > but=uhat-euer=form > they=may-ha-ue-take-n > one > fact > is=com-mon > to=all=past-age-s > uide-lic-et=th-ex-ploit-ation > of=one > part-of=soci-ety > by=th-other > n-o=uonder > then=that=the-soci-al-con-sci-ous-ness > of=past-age-s > de-spite > all=the-multi-plic-ity > and=uari-ety > it=dis-play-s > mo-ue-s > uith-in=cert-ain > com-mon > form-s ~ or=gener-al > idea-s > uhich=can-n-ot-com-pl-ete-ly > uan-ish > ex-cept=uith=the-tot-al > dis-appear-an-ce > of=class-ant-agon-ism-s > the-com-mun-ist > re-uolu-tion > is > the-most-radic-al > rup-ture > uith=trad-ition-al-pro-per-ty > re-l-ation-s > n-o=uonder > that=it-s=de-uelop-ment > in-uolue-s > the=most-radic-al > rup-ture > uith=trad-ition-al > idea-s > but=let-us-ha-ue-done > uith=the-bourg-eois > ob-iec-tion-s > to=com-mun-ism > ue=ha-ue-see-n > ab-oue > that=the-fir-st > step > in=the-re-uol-ution > by=the-uork-ing-class > is > to-raise > the-proletari-at > to=the-pos-ition > of=rul-ing > as=to-uin > the-batt-le > of=demo-crac-y > the-proletari-at > uill-use > it-s=pol-it-ic-al-supr-em-a-cy > to=urest > by=de-gree-s > all=capit-al > from=the-bourg-eois-ie > to-centr-al-ize > all=in-stru-ment-s-of-pro-duc-tion > in=th-hand-s > of=the-st-ate > id-est=of=the-proletari-at > organ-ize-d > as=the-rul-ing-class > and=to-in-crease > the=tot-al > of=pro-duct-iue > force-s > as=rap-id-ly > as=poss-ible > of=course > in=the-beginn-ing > this > can-n-ot-be-ef-fect-ed > ex-cept=by-mea-n-s-of=despot-ic > in-road-s > on=the-right-s > of=pro-per-ty > and=on-the-cond-ition-s > of=bourg-eois-pro-duc-tion > by=mea-n-s-of=mea-s-ure-s > th-ere-fore=uhich=appear > eco-nom-ic-al-ly > in-suf-fic-ient > and=un-ten-able > but=uhich=in-course-of-the-mo-ue-ment > out-strop=the-m-sel-ue-s > ne-cess-it-ate > furth-er > in-road-s > up-on=th-old-soci-al-order > and=a-re=un-auoid-able > as=a-mea-n-s > of=entire-ly > re-uolu-tion-iz-ing > the-mode-of-pro-duc-tion > these > mea-s-ure-s > uill-of-course-be-dif-fer-ent > in-dif-fer-ent-countr-ie-s > n-euer-the-less > in=the-most-aduance-d-countr-ie-s > the-follou-ing > uill-be-pretty-gener-al-ly-ap-plic-able

ab-ol-ition > of=pro-per-ty > in-land > and=ap-plic-ation > of=all=rent-s > of=land > to=publ-ic-pur-pos-es
a-heau-y > pro-gress-iue ~ or=gradu-ate-d > in-come-tax
ab-ol-ition > of=all=right-of-in-herit-an-ce
con-fisc-ation > of=the-pro-per-ty > of=all=e-migr-ant-s-and-re-bel-s
centr-al-iz-ation > of=cred-it > in=th-hand-s-of-the-st-ate > by-mea-n-s-of=a-n-ation-al-bank > uith=st-ate-capit-al > and=a-n-ex-clus-iue-mono-poly
centr-al-iz-ation > of=the-mea-n-s > of=com-mun-ic-ation-and-trans-port > in=th-hand-s-of-st-ate
ex-ten-sion > of=fact-or-ie-s > and=in-stru-ment-s-of-pro-duc-tion > ou-n-ed > by=the-st-ate > the-bring-ing > in-to=cult-iu-ation > of=uaste-land-s > and=th-im-pro-ue-ment-of-the-soil > gener-al-ly > in=ac-cord-an-ce > uith=a-com-mon-plan
equ-al > li-abil-ity > of=all > to=lab-or > e-st-abl-ish-ment > of=indu-stri-al-arm-ie-s > e-speci-al-ly > for=agri-cul-ture
com-bin-ation > of=agri-cul-ture > uith=manu-fac-tur-ing > indu-strie-s > gradu-al > ab-ol-ition > of=the-dis-tinc-tion > be-tu-een=toun-and-countr-y > by=a-more-equ-able > dis-tribu-tion > of=the-popul-ation > ou-r=the-countr-y
free=e-duc-ation > for=all=child-r-en > in=publ-ic-school-s > ab-ol-ition > of=child-r-en-s > fact-or-y > lab-or > in=it-s=pre-sent > form > com-bin-ation > of-e-duc-ation > uith=indu-stri-al > pro-duc-tion > etcetera-etcetera

uhen=in=the-course > of=de-uelop-ment > class-dis-tinc-tion-s > ha-ue-dis-appear-ed > and=all=pro-duc-tion > ha-s-bee-n-con-centr-ate-d > in=th-hand-s > of=a-uast > as-soci-ation > of-th-uhole-n-ation > the-publ-ic-pouer > uill-lose > it-s=pol-it-ic-al-character > pol-it-ic-al-pouer > pro-per-ly-so-call-ed > is > mere-ly=th-organ-ize-d > pouer > of=one > class > for=op-press-ing > a-n-other > if=the-proletari-at > dur-ing=it-s=con-test > uith=the-bourg-eois-ie > is-com=pell-ed > by=the-fore > of=circum-st-an-ce-s > to-organ-ize=it-sel-f > as=a-class > if=by-mea-n-s-of=a-re-uolu-tion > it=make-s=it-sel-f > the-rul-ing-class > and=as-such=sueep-s=a-uay > by=force > th-old-cond-ition-s-of-pro-duc-tion > then=it=uill-a-long-uith-these-cond-ition-s-ha-ue-suep-t=a-uay > the-cond-ition-s > for=th-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=class-ant-agon-ism-s > and=of-class-es > gener-al-ly > and=uill-th-ere-by-ha-ue-ab-ol-ish-ed > it-s=ou-n=supr-em-a-cy > as=a-class > in-place-of=th-old-bourg-eois-soci-ety > uith=it-s=class-es > and=class-ant-agon-ism-s > ue=shall-ha-ue > a-n-as-soci-ation > in=uhich=the-free > de-uelop-ment > of=each > is > the=cond-ition > for=the-free > de-uelop-ment > of=all 

soci-al-ist-and-com-mun-ist-liter-a-ture > re-ac-tion-ary-soci-al-ism > feud-al-soci-al-ism > ou-ing-to=thei-r=histor-ic-al-pos-ition > it=be-came > the-uoc-ation > of=th-ar-isto-crac-ie-s > of=france > and=eng-land > to-urite > pamphlet-s > again-st=modern-bourg-eois-soci-ety > in=the-french-re-uolu-tion > of=iuly > one > thou. > eight > hun. > thir. > and=in-th-engl-ish > re-form > ag-it-ation > these > ar-isto-crac-ie-s > again > suc-cumb-ed > to=th-hate-ful > up-start > then-ce-for-th > a-ser-i-ous > pol-it-ic-al-con-test > uas > al-to-gether > out-of-the-ques-tion > a-liter-ary-batt-le=al-one > re-main-ed > poss-ible > but=euen=in=the-domain > of=liter-a-ture > th-old > crie-s > of=the-re-stor-ation-peri-od > ha-d-be-come-im-poss-ible > in-order-to-a-rouse > sym-path-y > th-ar-isto-crac-y > ue-re-ob-lige-d > to-lose > sight > ap-par-ent-ly > of=thei-r-ou-n=in-ter-est-s > and=to-form-ul-ate > thei-r=in-dict-ment > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > in=th-in-ter-est > of=th-ex-ploit-ed > uork-ing-class=al-one > thus=th-ar-isto-crac-y > took > thei-r=re-uenge > by-sing-ing > lampoon-s > on=thei-r=neu-ma-ster > and=uhisper-ing > in=hi-s=ear-s > sinister > prophec-ie-s > of=com-ing > cata-strophe > in=this-uay > a-rose > feud-al-soci-al-ism > half=lament-ation > half=lampoon > half=echo-of-the-past > half=menace-of-the-fu-ture > at-time-s > by-it-s=bitter > uitt-y > and=in-cis-iue > crit-ic-ism > strik-ing > the-bourg-eois-ie > to=the-uery > heart-s > core > but=al-uay-s > lud-icrous > in=it-s=ef-fect-s > thru=tot-al > in-capac-ity > to-com-prehend > the-march > of=modern-histor-y > th-ar-isto-crac-y > in-order-to-rally > the-peop-le > to=the-m > ua-ue-d > the-proletari-an > alm-s-bag > in-front > for=a-banner > but=the-peop-le > so-often-as=it=ioi-n-ed=the-m > sau > on=thei-r=hind-quart-er-s > th-old-feud-al > coat-s-of-arm-s > and=de-sert-ed > uith=loud > and=ir-reuer-ent > laugh-t-er > one > sec-tion > of=the-french-leg-itim-ist-s > and=young-eng=land > ex-hib-it-ed > this > spect-ac-le > in=point-ing=out > that=thei-r=mode > of=ex-ploit-ation > uas-dif-fer-ent > to=that-of=bourg-eois-ie > the-feud-al-ist-s > for-get > that=they=ex-ploit-ed > under=circum-st-an-ce-s > and=cond-ition-s > that=ue-re-quite-dif-fer-ent > and=that-a-re-nou-antiqu-ate-d > in=shou-ing > that=under=thei-r=rule > the-modern-proletari-at > n-euer > e-xi-st-ed > they=for-get > that=the-modern-bourg-eois-ie > is > the-ne-cess-ary > off-spring > of=thei-r-ou-n=form > of=soci-ety > for=the-rest > so-little > do > they=con-ceal > the-re-ac-tion-ary > character > of=thei-r=crit-ic-ism > that=thei-r=ac-cus-ation > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > a-mount-s > to=this > that=under=the-bourg-eois > regime > a-class > is-be-ing-de-uelop-ed > uhich=is-de-stin-ed > to-cut=up > root > and=branch > th-old-order-of-soci-ety > uhat=they-up-braid > the-bourg-eois-ie > uith > is > n-ot=so-much > that=it=cre-ate-s > a-proletari-at > as=that=it=cre-ate-s > a-re-uolu-tion-ary-proletari-at > in=pol-it-ic-al > pract-ice > th-ere-fore=they=ioi-n > in=all=co-erc-iue-mea-s-ure-s > again-st=the-uork-ing-class > and=in-ordin-ary-life > de-spite=thei-r=high-falutin > phras-es > they=stoop > to-pick=up > the-gold-en-app-le-s > dropp-ed > from=the-tree > of=indu-stry > and=to-barter > tru-th > lo-ue > and=hon-or > for=traffic > in=uool > beet-root-sugar > and=potato-spirit-s > as=the-parson > ha-s-euer-gone > hand-in-hand > uith=the-land-lord > so=ha-s > cler-ic-al-soci-al-ism > uith > feud-al-soci-al-ism > n-o=thing > is-eas-i-er > then=to-gi-ue > christ-i-an > ascet-ic-ism > a-soci-al-ist > tinge > ha-s > n-ot=christ-i-an-ity > de-claim-ed > again-st=priu-ate-pro-per-ty > again-st=marri-age > again-st=the-st-ate > has-it > n-ot=preach-ed > in-the-place > of=these > charity > and=pouerty > celibacy > and=morti-fic-ation-of-the-flesh > mon-ast-ic-li-fe > and=mother-church > christ-i-an > soci-al-ism > is > but > th-holy-uater > uith=uhich=the-priest > con-secr-ate-s > th-heart-burn-ing-s > of=th-ar-isto-crat > petty-bourg-eois-soci-al-ism > the=feud-al-ar-isto-crac-y > uas > n-ot=th-on-ly > class > that=uas-ruin-ed > by=the-bourg-eois-ie > n-ot=th-on-ly > class > uho-se=cond-ition-s-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > pine-d > and=per-ish-ed > in-th-atmo-sphere > of=modern-bourg-eois-soci-ety > the-medi-aeu-al > burg-ess-es > and=the-small=peas-ant > pro-pri-et-or-s > ue-re > the-pre-curs-or-s > of=modern-bourg-eois-ie > in=those > countr-ie-s > uhich=a-re-but-little-de-uelop-ed > indu-stri-al-ly > and=com-merci-al-ly > these > tuo > class-es > still > ueget-able > side-by-side > uith=the-ris-ing > bourg-eois-ie > in=countr-ie-s > uh-ere=modern-ciu-il-iz-ation > ha-s-be-come-ful-ly-de-uelop-ed > a-neu-class > of=petty-bourg-eois > ha-s-bee-n-form-ed > fluctu-at-ing > be-tu-een=proletar-at > and=bourg-eois-ie > and=euer-re-neuu-ing > it-sel-f > as=a-sup-pl-e-ment-ary > part-of=bourg-eois > soci-ety > th-in-diuidu-al-member-s > of=this > class > hou-euer > a-re-be-ing-con-st-ant-ly-hurl-ed=doun > in-to=the-proletar-at > by=th-ac-tio > of=com-pet-ition > and=as=modern-indu-stry > de-uelop-s > they=euen-see > the-mo-ment > ap-proach-ing > uhen=they=uill-com-pl-ete-ly-dis-appear > as=a-n-in-de-pend-ent > sec-tion-of=modern-soci-ety > to-be-re-place-d > in=manu-fac-ture-s > agri-cul-ture > and=com-merce > by=oue-r-look-er-s > bail-iff-s > and=shop-men > in=countr-ie-s > like=france > uh-ere=the-peas-ant-s > con-st-itute > far-more-than=half=of=the-popul-ation > it-uas-n-a-tur-al > that=urit-er-s > uho=side-d > uith=the-proletari-at > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > shoul-d-use > in=thei-r=crit-ic-ism > of=the-bourg-eois-regime > the-stand-ard > of=the=peas-ant > and=petty-bourg-eois > and=from=the-stand-point > of=these > in-ter-medi-ate > class-es > shoul-d-take=up > the-cudg-el-s > for=the-uork-ing-class > thus=a-rose > petty-bourg-eois-soci-al-ism > sismondi > uas > th-head > of=this > school > n-ot-on-ly=in=france > but=al-so=in=eng-land > this > school > of=soci-al-ism > dis-sect-ed > uith-great-acute-ness > the-con-tra-dic-tion-s > in=the-cond-ition-s > of=modern-pro-duc-tion > it=lai-d > bare > the-hypo-crit-ic-al > apo-log-ie-s > of=eco-nom-ist-s > it=pro-ue-d > in-con-tro-uert-ibl-y > the-dis-astr-ous > ef-fect-s > of=machine-ry > and=diuis-ion-of-lab-or > the-con-centr-ation-of-capit-al-and-land > in > a-feu > hand-s > oue-r-pro-duc-tion > and=cris-es > it=point-ed=out > th-in-e-uit-able > ruin > of=the-petty-bourg-eois > and=peas-ant > the-misery > of=the-proletari-at > th-an-archy > in=pro-duc-tion > the-cry-ing > in-equ-al-itie-s > in=the-dis-trib-ution > of=ueal-th > th-indu-stri-al-uar > of=ex-termin-ation > be-tu-een=n-ation-s > the-dis-solu-tion > of=old > mor-al-bond-s > of=th-old-family-re-l-ation-s > of=th-old-n-ation-al-itie-s > in=it-s=posit-iue-s-aim-s > hou-euer > this > form-of=soci-al-ism > aspire-s > either=to-re-stor-ing > th-old-mea-n-s > of=pro-duc-tion > and=of-ex-change > and=uith=the-m > th-old-pro-per-ty-re-l-ation-s > and=th-old-soci-ety ~ or=to=cramp-ing > the=modern-mea-n-s > of=pro-duc-tion > and=of=ex-change > uith-in=the-fram-uork > of=th-old-pro-per-ty-re-l-ation-s > that=ha-ue-been > and=ue-re-bound > to-be-x-plod-ed > by=those > mea-n-s > > in=either > case > it-is-both-re-ac-tion-ary > and=u-top-ia-n > it-s=last-uord-s > a-re > corpor-ate > guild-s > for=manu-fac-ture > patri-arch-al-re-l-ation-s > in=agri-cul-ture > ult-im-ate-ly > uhen=stubborn > histor-ic-al-fact-s > ha-d-dis-perse-d > all=in-tox-ic-at-ing > ef-fect-s > of=sel-f-de-cep-tion > this > form-of=soci-al-ism > end-ed > in=a-miser-able > fit > of=the-blue-s > germ-an ~ or=true-soci-al-ism > the-soci-al-ist-and-com-mun-ist-liter-a-ture > of=france > a-liter-a-ture > that=origin-ate-d > under=the-press-ure > of=a-bourg-eois-ie > in-pouer > and=that > uas > in-tro-duce-d > in-to=germ-an-y > at-a-time > uhen=the-bourg-eois-ie > in=that > countr-y > ha-d-iust-begun > it-s=con-test > uith=feud-al-ab-solut-ism > germ-an > philo-soph-er-s > uoul-d-be-philo-soph-er-s > and=beaux-esprit-s > eager-ly > seize-d > on=this > liter-a-ture > on-ly=for-gett-ing > that=uhen=these > urit-ing-s > im-migr-ate-d > from=france > in-to=germ-an-y > french > soci-al-cond-ition-s > ha-d-n-ot-im-migr-ate-d > a-long > uith=the-m > in=con-tact > uith=germ-an > soci-al-cond-ition-s > this > french-liter-a-ture > lost > all=it-s=im-medi-ate > pract-ic-al > signi-fic-an-ce > and=as-sume-d > a=pure-ly > liter-ary > aspect > thus=to=the-germ-an > philo-soph-er-s > of=th-eigh-teen-th > cent-u-ry > the-de-mand-s > of=the-fir-st > french-re-uolu-tion > ue-re > n-o=thing > more-than=the-de-mand-s > of=pract-ic-al > reason > in-gener-al > and=th-utter-an-ce >of=the-uill > of=the-re-uolu-tion-ary > french-bourg-eois-ie > signi-fie-d > in=thei-r=eye-s > the-lau > of=pure > uill > of=uill > as=it-uas-bound > to-be > of=true > human-uill > genera-al-ly > the-uorld > of=the-ger-man > liter-ate > con-si-st-ed > sole-ly > in=bring-ing > the-neu-french-idea-s > in-to=harmony > uith=thei-r=ancient > philo-soph-ic-al > con-sci-en-ce ~ or=rather=in=an-nex-ing > the-french-idea-s > uith-out=de-sert-ing > thei-r-ou-n=philo-soph-ic > point-of-uieu > this > an-nex-ation > took-place > in-the-same-uay > in=uhich=a-for-eign-langu-age > is-ap-pro-pri-ate-d > name-ly=by-trans-l-ation > it-is-uell-knou-n > houu > the-monk-s > urote > silly > li-ue-s > of=cath-ol-ic-sain-t-s > oue-r=the-manu-script-s > on=uhich=the-class-ic-al-uork-s > of=ancient-heath-en-dom > ha-d-bee-n-uritt-en > the-germ-an > liter-ate > re-uerse-d > this > pro-cess > uith=the-pro-fane > french-liter-a-ture > they=urote > thei-r=philo-soph-ic-al > non-sense > be-neath=the-french > origin-al > for-in-st-an-ce > be-neath=the-french > crit-ic-ism > of=th-eco-nom-ic > func-tion-s > of=money > they=urote > al-ien-ation-of-hu-man-ity > and=be-neath=the-french > crit-ic-ism > of=the-bourg-eois > st-ate > they=urote > de-throne-ment > of=the-cat-egory > of=the-gener-al > and=so-for-th > th=in-tro-duc-tion > of=these > philo-soph-ic-al > phras-es > at=the-back-of=the-french-histor-ic-al-crit-ic-ism-s > they=dubb-ed > philo-soph-y-of-act-ion > true-soci-al-ism > germ-an > sci-en-ce-of-soci-alism > philo-soph-ic-al > found-ation > of=soci-al-ism > and-so-on > the-french-soci-al-ist-and-com-mun-ist-liter-a-ture > uas-thus-com-pl-ete-ly-e-masc-ul-ate-d > and=since=it=cease-d > in=th-hand-s > of=the-germ-an > to-ex-press > the-strugg-le > of=one > class > uith=th-other > he=felt > con-sci-ous > of=ha-u-ing-oue-r-come > french-one-side-d-ness > and=of-re-pre-sent-ing > n-ot=true > re-quire-ment-s > of=tru-th > n-ot=th-in-ter-est-s > of=the-proletari-at > but=th-in-ter-est-s > of=hu-man-n-a-ture > of=man > in-gener-al > uho=be-long-s > to=no-class > ha-s > n-o=re-al-ity > uho=e-xi-st-s > on-ly=n-the-mist-y-realm > of=philo-soph-ic-al > fantas-y > this > germ-an-soci-al-ism > uhich=took > it-s=school-boy-task > so > ser-i-ous-ly > and=solemn -ly > and=ex-toll-ed > it-s=poor > stock-in-trade > in=such > mounte-back > fashion > mea-n-uhile=gradu-al-ly > lost > it-s=ped-ant-ic > in-noc-en-ce > the-fight > of=the-germ-an > and=e-speci-al-ly > of=the-pruss-i-an > bourg-eois-ie > again-st=feud-al-ar-isto-crac-y > and=ab-sol-ute > mon-arch-y > in-other-uord-s > the-liber-al > mo-ue-ment > be-came-more-earnest > by=this > the-long > uish-ed-for > op-port-un-ity > uas-of-fer-ed > to=true-soci-al-ism > of=con-front-ing > the=pol-it-ic-al > mo-ue-ment > uith=the-soci-al-ist > de-mand-s > of=hurl-ing > the=trad-ition-al > ana-them-a-s > again-st=liber-al-ism > again-st=re-pre-setn-atiue > gouern-ment > again-st=bourg-eois-com-pet-ition > bourg-eois-free-dom-of-the-press > bourg-eois-leg-is-l-ation > bourg-eois-liber-ty-nd-equ-al-ity > and=of-preach-ing > to=the-mass-es > that=they-n-o-thing-to-gain > and=euer-y-thing > to-lose > by=this > bourge-ois > mo-ue-ment > germ-an-soci-al-ism > for-got > in-the-nick-of-time > that=the-french-crit-ic-ism > uho-se=echo > it-uas > pre-sup-pos-ed > th-e-xi-st-en-ce > of=modern-bourg-eois-soci-ety > uith=it-s=cor-re-spond-ing > eco-nom-ic-cond-ition-s-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > and=the-pol-it-ic-al > con-st-itu-tion > ad-apt-ed > th-ere-to > the-uery > thing-s > uho-se=at-tain-ment > uas > th-ob-iect > of=the-pend-ing > strugg-le > in=germ-an-y > to=th-ab-sol-ute > gouern-ment-s > uith=thei-r=follou-ing > of=parson-s > pro-fess-or-s > countr-y-squire-s > and=offici-al-s > it=serue-d > as=a-uel-come > scare-crou > again-st=the-germ-an > uork-ing-class-ris-ing-s > uhile=this > true-soci-al-ism > thus=serue-d > the-gouern-ment-s > as=a-ueapon > for=fight-ing > the-germ-an-bourg-eois-sie > it=at-the-same-time-di-rect-ly-re-pre-sent-ed > a-re-ac-tion-ary > in-ter-est > th-in-ter-est > of=the-germ-an-philistine-s > in=germ-an-y > the-petty-bourg-eois-class > a-relic > of=the-six-teen-th > cent-ur-y > and=since=then=con-st-ant-ly > cropp-ing=up-again > under=uari-ous > form-s > is > the-re-al > soci-al > bas-is > of=th-e-xi-st-ing-st-ate-of-thing-s > to-pre-serue > this > class > is > to-pre-serue > th-e-xi-st-ing-st-ate-of-thing-s > in=germ-an-y > th-indu-stri-al > and=pol-it-ic-al-supr-em-a-cy > of=the-bourg-eois-ie > threat-en-s=it > uith=cert-ain > de-struc-tion > on-the-one-hand > from=the-con-centr-ation-of-capit-al > on-th-other > from=the-rise > of=a-re-uolu-tion-ary-proletari-at > true-soci-al-ism > appear-ed-to-kill > these > tuo > bird-s > uith=one-stone > it=spread-s > like=a-n-epi-dem-ic > the-robe > of=spec-ul-atiue > cob-ueb-s > em-broid-er-ed > uith=the-flouer-s-of-rhetor-ic > steep-ed > in=the-deuu-of-sickly > senti-ment > this > trans-cend-ent-al > robe > in=uhich=the-ger-man-soci-al-ist-s > urapp-ed > thei-r=sorr-y > etern-al-tru-th-s > all=skin-and-bone > serue-d-to-uonder-ful-ly-in-creae > the-sale-of-thei-r-good-s > among-st=such > a-publ-ic > and=on-it-s=part > germ-an-soci-al-ism > re-cogn-ize-d > more-and-more=it-s-ou-n=call-ing > as=the-bomb-ast-ic > re-pre-sent-atiue > of=the-petty-bourg-eois > philistine > it=pro-claim-ed > the-germ-an > n-ation > to-be > the-mod-el > n-ation > and=the-germ-an-petty-philistine > to-be > the-typ-ic-al > man > to=euer-y > uill-ain-ous > mean-ness > of=this > mod-el-man > it=gi-ue > a-hidd-en > high-er > soci-al-ist-ic > in-ter-pret-ation > th-ex-act > contr-ary > of=it-s=real-character > it=uent > to=th-extr-eme > leng-th > of=di-rect-ly > op-pos-ing > the-brut-al-ly > de-struct-iue > tend-en-c-y > of=com-mun-ism > and=of=pro-claim-ing > it-s=supr-eme > and=im-part-i-al > con-tempt > of=all=class-strugg-le-s > uith=uery > feu > ex-cep-tion-s > all=the-so-calle-ed > soci-al-ist-and-com-mun-ist-publ-ic-ation-s > that=nou > circ-ul-ate > in=germ-an-y > be-long > to=this > foul > and=e-neru-at-ing > liter-a-ture > con-seru-atiue ~ or=bourg-eois-soci-al-ism > a-part-of=the-bourg-eois-ie > is > desir-ous > of=re-dress-ing > soci-al-grieu-an-ce-s > in-order-to-se-cure > the-con-tinu-ed > e-xi-st-en-ce > of=bourg-eois-soci-ety > to=this > sec-tion > be-long > eco-nom-ist-s > phil-anthrop-ist-s > hu-man-it-ari-an-s > im-pro-u-er-s > of=the-cond-ition > of=the-uork-ing-class > organ-iz-er-s > of-char-ity > member-s-of-soci-ety > for=the-pre=uen-tion > of=cru-el-ty-to-anim-al-s > temper-an-ce > fanat-ic-s > hole-and-corn-er > re-form-er-s > of=euer-y > imagin-able > kind > this > form-of=soci-al-ism > ha-s-more-oue-r-bee-n-uork-ed-out > in-to=com-pl-ete > sy-ste-m-s > ue=may-cite > proudhon-s > philo-soph-ie-de-la-misere > as=a-n-e-xamp-le >of=this > form > the-soci-al-ist-ic > bourg-eois > uant > all=the-aduant-age-s > of=modern-soci-al-cond-ition-s > uith-out=the-strugg-le-s > and=danger-s > ne-cess-ari-ly > result-ing > th-ere-from > they=desire > th-e-xi-st-ing-st-ate > of=soci-ety > minus=it-s=re-uolu-tion-ary > and=dis-integr-at-ing > element-s > they=uish > for=bourg-eois-ie > uith-out=a-proletari-at > the-bourg-eois-ie > n-a-tur-al-ly > con-ceiue-s > the-uorld > in=uhich=it-is=supr-eme > to-be > the-best > and=bourg-eois-soci-al-ism > de-uelop-s > this > com-fort-able > con-cep-tion > in-to=uari-ous > more-or-less > com-pl-ete > sy-ste-m-s > in=re-quir-ing > the-proletari-at > to-carry=out > such > a-sy-ste-m > and=th-ere-by=to-march > straight-uay > in-to=the-soci-al > neu-ierusalem > it=but-re-quire-s > in-re-al-ity > that=the-proletari-at > shoul-d-re-main > uith-in=the-bound-s > of=e-xi-sti-ing > soci-ety > but=shoul-d-cast=a-uay > all=it-s=hate-ful > idea-s > con-cern-ing=the-bourg-eois-ie > a-sec-ond > and=more-pract-ic-al > but=less-sy-ste-m-atic > form > of=this-soci-al-ism > sough-t-to-de-prec-iate > euer-y > re-uolu-tion-ary > mo-ue-ment > in=th-eye-s > of=the-uork-ing-class > by=shou-ing > that=n-o=mere > pol-it-ic-al-re-form > but=on-ly=a-change > in=the-mater-i-al > cond-ition-s-of-e-xi-st-en-ce > this > form-of=soci-al-ism > hou-euer > by-n-o-mea-n-s > under-stand-s > ab-ol-ition-of-the-bourg-eois-re-l-ation-s-of-pro-duc-tion > a-n-ab-ol-ition > that=can-be-ef-fect-ed >on-ly=by=a-re-uolu-tion > but=ad-min-istr-atiue-re-form-s > base-d > on=the-con-tinu-ed > e-xi-st-en-ce > of=these > re-l-ation-s > re-form-s > th-ere-fore=that=in=n-o=re-spect > af-fect > the-re-l-ation-s > be-tu-en-capit-al-and-lab-or > but=at-best > less-en > the-cost > and=sim-pl-ify > th-ad-mini-str-atiue-uork > of=bourg-eois > gouern-ment > bourg-eis-soci-al-ism > at-tain-s > ad-equ-ate > ex-press-ion > uhen=and=on-ly=it=be-come-s > a-mere > fig-ure-of-speech > free-trade > for=the-bene-fit > of=the-uork-ing-class > pro-tect-iue-du-tie-s > for=the-bene-fit > of=the-uork-ing-class > prison-re-form > for=the-bene-fit > of=the-uork-ing-class > ths > is > the-last-uord > and=th-on-ly=ser-i-ous-ly > mean-t > uord > of=bourg-eois-soci-al-ism > it-is-summ-ed=up > in=the-phrase > the=bourg-eois > is > a-bourg-eois > for=the-bene-fit > of=the-uork-ing-class > crit-ic-al-u-top-ia-n-soci-al-ism-and-com-mun-ism > ue=do-not-h-ere-re-fer > to=that > liter-a-ture > uhich=in=euer-y > great-modern-re-uolu-tion > ha-s-al-uay-s-gi-ue-n > uoice > to=the-de-mand-s > of=the-proletari-at > such=as > the-urit-ing-s > of=babeuf > and=other-s > the-fir-st > di-rect > at-tempt-s > of=the-proletari-at > to-at-tain > it-s-ou-n=end-s > ma-de > in=time-s > of=uni-uers-al > ex-cite-ment > uhen=feud-al-soci-ety > uas-be-ing-oue-r-throu-n > these > at-tempt-s > ne-cess-ari-ly > fail-ed > ou-ing-to=the-then=un-de-uelop-ed > st-ate > of=the-proletari-at > as-uell-as=to-th-ab-sen-ce > of=th-eco-nom-ic-cond-ition-s > for=it-s=e-man-cip-ation > cond-ition-s > that=ha-d-yet-to-be-pro-duce-d > and=could-be-pro-duce-d > by=th-im-pend-ing > bourg-eois > ep-och=al-one > the-re-uolu-tion-ary-character > it=in-culc-ate-d > uni-uers-al > ascet-ic-ism > and=soci-al-leuell-ing > in=it-s=crud-est > form > the-soci-al-ist-and-com-mun-ist-sy-ste-m-s > pro-per-ly-so-call-ed > those-of=saint-simon > fourier > ouen > and=other-s > spring > in-to=e-xi-st-en-ce > in=th-ear-ly > un-de-uelop-ed > peri-od > de-scribe-d > ab-oue > of=the-strugg-le > be-tu-een-proletari-at-and-bourg-eois-ie > see > sec-tion > fir-st > bourg-eois-and-proletari-an-s > the-found-er-s > of=these > sy-ste-ms > see > in-deed > the=class-ant-agon-ism-s > as-uell-ass=th-ac-tion > of=the-de-com-pos-ing > ele-ment-s > in=the-pre-uail-ing > form > of=soci-ety > but=the-proletari-at > as=yet=in=it-s=in-f-an-cy > of-fer-s > to=the-m > the-spect-ac-le > of=a-class > uith=out=any > histor-ic-al > initi-atiue ~ or=any > in-de-pend-ent > pol-it-ic-al-mo-ue-ment > sinc=the-de-uelop-ment > of=class-ant-agon-ism > keep-s > euen-pace > uith=the-de-uelop-ment > of=indus-stry > th-ec-nom-ic > situ-ation > as=they-find=it > do-es-n-ot-as-yet-of-fer > to=th-em > the-mater-i-al-cond-ition-s > for=th-e-man-cip-ation > of=the-proletari-at > they=th-ere-fore-search > after=a-neu-soci-al-sci-en-ce > after=neu-soci-al-lau-s > that=a-re-to-cre-ate > these > cond-ition-s > histor-ic-al > ac-tion > is-to-yield > to=thei-r=per-son-al > in-uent-iue > ac-tion > histor-ic-al-ly-cre-ate-d > cond-ition-s > of=e-man-cip-ation > to=fantast-ic-one-s > and=the-gradu-al > spontane-ous > class-organ-iz-ation > of=the-proletari-at > to=th-organ-iz-ation > of=soci-ety > speci-al-ly > con-triue-d > by=these > in-uent-or-s > fu-ture > history > re-solue-s > it-sel-f > in=thei-r=eye-s > in-to=the-pro-pag-and-a > and=the=pract-ic-al > carry-ing=out > thei-r=soci-al-plan-s > in=the-form-ation > of=thei-r=plan-s > they=are-con-sci-ous > of=car-ing > chief-ly > for=th-in-ter-est-s > of=the-uork-ing-class > as=be-ing > the-most-suf-fer-ing-class > on-ly=from=the-point-of-uieu > of=be-ing > the-most-suf-fer-ing-class > do-es > the-proletari-at > e-xi-st > for=them > th=un-de-uelop-ed-st-ate > of=the-class-strugg-le > as-uell-as=thei-r-ou-n=sur-round-ing-s > caus-es > soci-al-ist-s > of=this-kind > to-con-sider=the-m-sel-ue-s > far > super-i-or-to=all=class-ant-agon-ism-s > the-cond-ition > of=euer-y > member-of-soci-ety > euen=that-of=the-most-faour-ed > hen-ce=they=hab-it-u-al-ly-appeal > to=soci-ety > at-large > uith-out=dis-tinc-tion > of=class > nay > by-pre-fer-en-ce > to=the-rul-ing-class > for=hou > can > peop-le > uhen=on-ce-they=under-stand > thei-r=sy-st-em > fail-to=see > in=it > the-best-poss-ible > plan > of=the-best-poss-ible > st-ate > of=soci-ety > hen-ce=they=re-iect > all=pol-it-ic-al > and=e-speci-al-ly > al=re-uolu-tion-ary > ac-tion > they=uish-to-at-tain > thei-r=end-s > by=peace-ful > mea-n-s > and=endeauor > by=small-ex-peri-ment-s > ne-cess-ari-ly > doom-ed > to=fail-ure > and=by=the-force > of=th-e-xamp-le > to-paue > the-paue > the-uay > for=the-neu-social-gospel > such > fantast-ic > pic-ture-s > of=fu-ture-soci-ety > paint-ed > at-a-time > uhen=the-proletari-at > is > still > in=a-uery > un-de-uelop-ed > st-ate > and=ha-s > but > a=fantast-ic > con-cep-tion > of=it-s-ou-n > pos-ition > cor-re-spond > uith=the-fir-st > in-stinct-iue > yearn-ing-s > of=that > class > for=a-gener-al > re-con-struc-tion > of=soci-ety > but=these > soci-al-ist-and-com-mun-ist > publ-ic-ation-s > con-tain > al-so=a-crit-ic-al > ele-ment > they=at-tack > euer-y > princip-le > of=e-xi-st-ing > soci-ety > hen-ce=they=a-re > full-of=the-most-ualu-able > mater-i-al-s > for=th-en-light-en-ment > of=the-uork-ing-class > the=pract-ic-al > mea-s-ure-s > pro-pose-d > in=the-m > such-as > th-ab-ol-ition > of=the-dis-tinc-tion > be-tu-een=toun-and-countr-y > of-the-family > of=the-carry-ing > on=of-indu-strie-s > for=the-ac-count > of=priu-ate > in-diuidu-als > and=of-uage-sy-ste-m > the-pro-clam-ation > of=soci-al-harmon-y > the-con-uers-ion > of=the-func-tion-s > of=the-st-ate > in-to=a-mere > super-in-tend-en-ce > of=pro-duc-tion > all=these > pro-pos-al-s > point > sole-ly > to=the-dis-appear-an-ce > of=class-ant-agon-ism-s > uhich=ue-re > at-that-time > on-ly=iust=cropp-ing=up > and=uhich=in=these > publ-ic-ation-s > a-re-re-cogn-ize-d > in=thei-r=ear-li-est > in-dis-tinct > and=un-de-fine-d > form-s > on-ly > these=pro-pos-al-s > th-ere-fore=a-re > of=pure-ly > u-top-ia-n > character > the-sign-ific-an-ce > of=crit-ic-al-u-top-ian-soci-al-ism-and-com-mun-ism > bear-s > a-n-in-uerse-re-l-ation > to=histor-ic-al-de-uelop-ment > in-pro-por-tion-as=the-modern-class-strugg-le > de-uelop-s > and=take-s > de-fin-ite > shape > this > fantast-ic > stand-ing > a-part > from=the-con-test > these > fantast-ic > at-tack-s > on=it > lose > all=pract-ic-al-ualue > and=all=theoret-ic-al-iusti-fic-ation > th-ere-fore=al-tho=th-origin-ator-s > of=these > sy-ste-m-s > ue-re-in-many-re-spect-s-re-uolu-tion-ary > thei-r=discip-le-s > ha-u-in-euer-y-case-form-ed > mere > re-ac-tion-ary > sect-s > they=hold-fast > by=th-origin-al > uieu-s > of=thei-r=ma-ster-s > in=op-pos-ition > to=the-pro-gress-iue > histor-ic-al-de-uelop-ment > of=the-proletari-at > they=th-ere-fore=endeauour > and=that > con-sist-ent-ly > to-dead-en > the-class-strugg-le > and=to-re-con-cile > the-class-ant-agon-ism-s > they=still-dream > of=ex-peri-ment-al > re-al-iz-ation > of=thei-r=soci-al-u-top--ia-s > of=found0ing > isol-ated > phalanstere-s > of=e-st-abl-ish-ing > home-colon-ie-s > of=sett-ing=up > a-little-icaria > duo-decim-o > e-d-itio-s > of=the-neu-ierusalem > and=to-re-al-ize > all=these > castle-s > in-th-air > they=a-re-com-pell-ed > to-appeal > to=the-feel-ing-s > and=purs-es > of=the-bourg-eois > by=degree-s > they-sink > in-to=the-cat-egory > of=the-re-ac-tion-ary > con-seru-atiue-soci-al-ist-s > de-pict-ed > ab-oue > dif-fer-ing > from=these > on-ly=by=more-sy-ste-m-atic > and=by-thei-r=fanat-ic-al > and=super-st-iti-ous > be-lief > in=the-mir-ac-ul-ous > ef-fect-s > of=thei-r=soci-al-sci-en-ce > they=th-ere-fore-uiol-ent-ly-op-pose > all=pol-it-ic-al-ac-tion > on=the-part > of=the-uork-ing-class > such > ac-tion > ac-ord-ing > to=the-m > can-on-ly-re-sult > from=blind > un-be-lief > in=the-neu-go-spel > th-ouen-ite-s > in=eng-land > and=the-fourer-ist-s > in=france > re-spect-iue-ly > op-pose > the-chart-ist-s > and=the-re-form-iste-s 

pos-ition > of=the-com-mun-ist-s > in=re-l-ation > to=the-uari-ous > e-xi-sti-ing > op=pos-ition > part-ie-s > sec-tion ii > ha-s-ma-de > clear > the-re-l-ation-s > of=the-com-mun-ist-s > to-th-e-xi-st-ing > uork-ing-clas-part-ie-s > such-as=the-chartist-s > in=eng-land > and=th-agr-ari-an-re-form-er-s > in=america > the-com-mun-ist-s > fight > for=th-at-tain-ment > of=th-im-medi-ate > aim-s > for=th-en-force-ment > of=the-monet-ary > in-ter-est-s > of=the-uork-ing-class > but=in=the-mo-ue-ment > of=the=pre-sent > they=al-so-re-pre-sent > and=take-care > of=the-fu-ture > of=that > mo-ue-ment > in=france > the-com-mun-ist-s > al-ly=the-m-sel-ue-s > uith=the-soci-al-demo-crat-s > again-st > the-con-seru-atiue > and=radic-al > bourg-eois-ie > re-seru-ing > hou-euer > the-right > to-take=up > a-crit-ic-al > pos-ition > in-regard-to=phras-es > and=il-lus-ion-s > trad-ition-al-ly-hand-ed=doun > from=the-great-re-uolu-tion > in=suitz-er-land > they=sup=port > the-radic-al-s > uith-out=los-ing > sight > of=the-fact > that=this > part-y > con-sist-s > of=ant-agon-ist-ic > ele-ment-s > part-ly=of=demo-crat-ic-soci-al-ist-s > in=the-french > sense > part-ly=of=radic-al > bourg-eois > in=po-land > they=sup-port > the-part-y > that=in-sist-s > on=an-agr-ari-an > re-uolu-tion > as=the-prime > cond-ition > for=n-ation-al > e-man-cip-ation > that > part-y > uhich=foment-ed > the=in-sur-rec-tion > of=cracou > in=one > thou. > eight > hun. > four.  > six > in=germ-an-y > they=fight > uith=the-bourg-eois-ie > uhen-euer=it-act-s > in=a-re-uolu-tion-ary-uay > again-st=th-ab-sol-ute > mon-arch-y > the-feud-al > squire-arch-y > and=the-petty-burge-ousie > but=they-n-euer-cease-for-a-sin-gle-in-st-ant-to-in-stil > in-to=the-uork-ing-class > the-clear-est > poss-ible > re-cogn-ition > of=th-hos-tile > ant-agon-ism > be-tu-een=bourg-eois-ie-and-proletari-at > in-order-that=the-german-uork-er-s > may > straight-a-uay > use > as=so-many > ueapon-s > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > the-soci-al > and=pol-it-ic-al-cond-ition-s > that=the-bourge-ois-ie > must > ne-cess-ari-ly > in-tro-duce > a-long > uith=it-s=supr-em-a-cy > and=in-order-that=after=the-fall > of=the-re-ac-tion-ary-class-es > in=germ-an-y > the-fight > again-st=the-bourg-eois-ie > it-self > may > im-medi-ate-ly > being > the-com-mun-ist-s > turn > thei-r=at-ten-tion > chief-ly > to=germ-an-y > be-cause > that > countr-y > is > on=th-eue > of=bourge-ois-re-uolu-tion > that=is-bound > to-be-carrie-d=out > under=aduance-d-cond-ition-s > of=europe-an-ciu-il-iz-ation > and=uith=a-much-more-de-uelop-ed > proletari-at > than=that-of=england > uas > in=the-seuen-teen-th > and=of-france > in=th-eigh-teen-th > cent-u-ry > and=be-cause > the-bourg-eois > re-uolu-tion > in=germ-an-y > uill-be > but > the-pre-lude > to=a-n-im-medi-ate-ly > follou-ing > proletari-an-re-uolu-tion > in-short=the-com-mun-ist-s > eue-y-uh-ere > sup-port > euer-y > re-uol-ution-ary > mo-ue-ment > again-st=th-e-xi-st-ing > soci-al > and=pol-it-ic-al > order-of-thing-s > in=all=these> mo-ue-ment-s > they=bring > to=the-front > as=the-lead-ing > question > in=each > the-pro-per-ty > question > n-o-matter-uhat=it-s=degree > of-de-uelop-ment > at-the-time > fin-al-ly > they=lab-or > euer-y-uh-ere > for=the-un-ion > and=agree-ment > of=the-demo-crat-ic > part-ie-s > of=all=countr-ie-s > the-com-mun-ist-s > dis-dain > to-con-ceal > thei-r=uieu-s > and=aim-s > they=op-en-ly-de-clare > that=thei-r-end-s > can-be-at-tain-ed > on-ly=by=the-forc-ible > oue-r-throu > of=all-e-xi-st-ing > soci-al-cond-ition-s > let=the-rul-ing-class-es > tremb-le > at=a-com-mun-ist-ic > re-uolu-tion > the-proletari-an-s > ha-ue-n-o-thing-to-lose > but=thei-r=chain-s > they=ha-u-a-uorld-to-uin 

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