Next Epistle-Gathering

On How Spoke Roman or Vulgar Latin Shifted

Hello, dear Language Log,

While you may not be great learners of this, nonetheless, it is so worthy of our care much deeper that should be truly. You see, there was endless things bothersome about Latin, yet kept, as it was learned, only learned, more so after the Republic, that is, with the Caesars. Why? Well, Latin must have been a prettied up kind of Roman speech, much unlike what the Romans in truth was speaking or the other of italy's folk nearby. We know this not only from the new roman tongues, but from the oldest speech-kinds of italy & the roman world.

The first thing to get is that the latin plural "genitive" or owner-fall was too marked, that is, -a:rum, -o:rum, -(i)um. However, this wasn't so always, as -o(:)rum could be too -u(:)m, but not often, & even that woulda been mashed with the "accusative" or undergoer-fall -um. Therefore, it woulda been only most needed to find some other way, at least for the "plural" words.

The next thing is that even in the oldest roman (see Ennius) & even in sanskrit we see that after a short soft word, or "vowel", the hiss was lost, thus it woulda been everyday to hear -u or -o, not -us, also, -i or -e, not -is. Thus, we can already take down the falls like this,
  • -o~-u, -i, -os, (-a?) 
  • -a, -as 
  • -∅~-e~-i, -es 
note I has took out also the other overall marked falls (-ibus would fuck up the whole fall-work), & the -m others, since we know them had never been spoke unless before a hard word & likely then only in highborn folk. The highborn -ae was likely always -as in most folk's speech.
On the other hand, we see that in occitan & french, the hiss was kept, but likely only more by spreading one elsewhere (or from celt speech), not by bringing it straight from old roman. Next, in Italy's & the Balkans' the left hiss turned into /i/, so
  • -o~-u, -i, -oi, -a 
  • -a, -ai 
  • -∅~-e~-i, -ei 
Next, also, in occitan & french, there as further great shift (or mashing with celt speech),
  • -os, -∅, -i, -os 
  • -a~-e, -as~-es 
  • -∅~-e, -es 
The next thing is seen in neapolitan (& also french & somewhat southern castilian), where all the offbeated endings turn into -e, & thus, the fall would be only in the "article",
  • el~il, (l)u~(l)o~(l)e, (l)i, (l)os~(l)oi~(l)es, ((l)a?) 
  • (l)a, (l)as~(l)ai 
this being not unlike the germanic ways come up with time. With time, however, the undergoer & doer-fall would mash into one, &, as I has already shown to you in another epistle, the "dative" made known pretty much as well as before that undergoers either souled or unsouled or both was there or being talked about, them here being the "dative", that'd go with the "verb" or deed-word alone,
  • (l)i, (l)is~(l)ii 
Now, needless to say, the future was lost, but that truly, as this future may have always been a marker of highbornness, given that it may have been somewhat up against another kind more like greek's (as in kap-e-s:-e-re), & it was already too like the "imperfect" & ripe for mashing with it, or with the "present" in them of the third-kind & fourth-kind (-is, -(i)es).

The next thing is the willy-nilly or even lengthening, even more in french, but also, the going towards a three-tokened work of soft words, so,
  • o > ua~u 
  • e > ia~i~a 
  • o: > u 
  • e: > i 
note this may have wished to come about fully thanks to arabs & their speech or already had been on the way in other old roman speech-kinds. II in french /ua/ turnd into /ə/, so then /e:/ > ... > /ua/. III u: > ... > i, also in occitan & french & northern italy's. IIII something alike was too in greeks, even more in offbeats in northerners (e o > i u > ∅), & since they was friends with phoenicians (that likely had only three too), this may go back to the oldest greeks, (even its b > u & thus one "labial" speech work an "afroasiatic" thing overall.)

The next thing, needless to say, it was about time, is the softening,
  • ke ge > kie~kiV gie~giV > ... > se~sV~ʃV ie~iV~hV~ʒV~zV 
  • kue kui > ke ki 
  • tiV ~ ... ~ (t)sV 
  • ...(b)... > u~p~f 
  • ...(d)... > r~s~t~∅~i~u 
  • ...(g)... > ∅~i 
  • ri > ir~i~r 
  • l:~l(i) ~ i~l:i~li~d:~c 
  • kt > it~t:~pt 
french took this further with,
  • ka ga > kia gia > ... 
  • kua > ka 
however, this softening was only inside the stem or root, as the edge wouldn't shift or only a bit, even if a soft word follow.

Next, in some tongues the -i- that go with before -o or "subjunctive" -a in deed-words would turn into -g- for some or most times, thus,
  • teneo ~ tiniu~tink 
Next, in some tongues -n- or -n was lost,
  • mano~mau ~ maŋ~ma 

On the Truer Greek

Hello, dear Tsipras,

Greek was & is a wealth-token as the speech alone of athens (the olden attic speech wrote in ionic marks that was bitterly mingled with the true folk speech). However, we must be mindful that Athens for long was nothing & any "nationalism" or the greek ask is a dead silliness more hateful against turks than anything. Even the dumb "Christian" belief is more a work of good attic writing, than true godly wrote thoughts. Thus, if you truly is the lefters that you wish to be, even more now as such mad belief in gods has taken over small minds the world over, & speech is more need than in olden times whether heathen or christen, I do hope you choose this better writing & even speech-laws for greek, as anybody can see you dumbly do much to seem far from the little Greek unlearned & unattic, even while seeking their rights.

Let's start here,
  • pt kt kp > ft ht hp 
  • eud > eut 
  • sθ hθ sh fθ fh > st ht sk ft fk 
  • fs~us > ps 
  • nf nθ nh > f θ h 
  • nd nb ng > nt np nk ~ t p k 
  • giV~diV~eV > iV 
  • Vun Vum > Vmn Vm 
  • gn gm > n m 
  • VfC > VuC 
  • V.V < VgV VdV 
  • ∅ ne∅ < n∅ n∅ 
note needless to say, no more greek alphabet, beyond θ.

Next, in speech-laws, one thing is that the middle-undergoer words should be insteaded by either a -n(e) ending alone, or a name-word -men-, or the doer-kind, next the -o(:)n in names, "nouns" by "apo:~au". Next, the beats should be shown by -:- or -: in them between offbeats or ending a short word. Now, mind you, i am no greek speaker, but of all the tongues in the world the most mindless is greek, since it has never, even in olden times of heathendom, had anything to do with true folk-speech, which indeed if christendom had known, it wouldn't have bought so quickly into the bible, which itself is nothing more than wealthtokening thru a made-up tale (the bible was always pretty books & pretty good greek amid the overall unlearning thruout caesardom).

II i ain't saying this about any other belief, like islam nor buddhism, even if for them it's somewhat true. islam has my love, as they has never had "icons", instead, only pretty drawings. there's always something lustful about them "icons" & wealthtokenish, so shame on (most of) christendom! john calvin alone had the gut to speak out against them sick ungodlinesses. plus, buddhists had made a great work to shun a great deal of sanskrity speech or turn it into any new tongue.


oli i aθropi ine iemine:ni eleuteri ki isi sti aksioprepia ke ta tikiomata. ine proikisme:ni me loiiki ke sini:ii, ki ofilune na ine sinperiferomeni metaksi tus me pnema aelfosinis.

note άνθρωποι γεννιούνται > άθρωποι ... γεννημένοι, συμπεριφέρονται > συμπεριφερόμενοι ???

o sinaspismos rizospastikis aristeras (SIRIZA) ine ena enie:o, maziko, timokratiko, politasiko koma tis sihronis aristeras. filooksi na ekfra:si politika to kosmo tis erkasias, au autoapaskolumenus, tus akrotias, tis niolia:s, tis prooeutikis ianoisis ke kalitehnikis timiurias, au olus eki:nus pu ine ifistameni ti ekmetalepsi ke ti katapesi. ine aonizomenos me oles tis tina:mis tu ia ti timokratia, ti eθniki aneksartisia, ti laiki kiriarhia, ti kinoniki prokipi: ki apeleuterosi, ia to sosialismo.

iperaspi:zi tis aksies tis kinonikis tikiosi:nes, tus alileniis, tis ostitas ke tis eleuterias, ena:ntia sto eθnikismo, to militarismo, to patrismo, ti patriarhia ke to fasismo. O SIRIZA ine mia politiki tinamo antaonistiki pros tis kapitalistikes skesis ekmetalepsis, katapiesis ki apoksenosis, orkano:ni ti kinoniki ke politiki trasi tu me uasi tis kinonikes antiθe:sis ke pale:ui ia ti anatropi tu ke ti kinoniki hirafetisi.

O SIRIZA, se mia perio:o uaθia:s krisis tu politiku sistimatos tis horas, se mia perio:o fisikis apaksio:sis au ta istorika komata, ako:ma ke tis iias tis enias tu komatos, tis siloiikis trasis ke tis politikis, filooksi na apotele:si ena pramatika nio koma. nio se iie:s, lituria ke politiki praktiki, sto antipoa au ta arhiiika, sinketrotika komata eksusias, ikano na sintoni:si tis laikes tina:mis tis kinonias sto kino: ao:na ia tu anaskesi tis katastrofis pu sintelumenis sti hora ke sti kini, kiropiasti elpi:a ia ti anatropi au tis kiriarhes kapitalistikes skesis, tu orkanosi tu kinoniku metaskimatismu ke tu riziki anamorfosi au ta paraonika ke katanalotika protipa. o ao:nas ia tu anatropi tis kinonikis katastrofis sintelumenis sti patri:a mas, ia tu anastrofi tus poria:s se rizika antiθeti kateutinsi me ti anautiksi tu laiku kinimatos ke ti sinkrotisi kiuernisis kinonikis sotiria:s ki aristeris iekso:u, ine sinteme:no me ti prooutiki tu sosialismu, pu apoteli to stratiiiko stoho tu SIRIZA.

ia ema:s o sosialismos ine morfi: orkanosis tis kinonia:s pu ine uasizomeno sti kinoniki iioktisia ke iaherisi au ta paraoiika mesa. apeti ti timokratia se ola ta kitara tis timosias zois, opu i siloiikotita anaiknii enpakta ti iperohi tis enanti tis atomikotitas ke i alilenii ti iski tus enanti tu antaonismu, prokime:nu i erkazomeni na ine θesi na skeiazune, na ieutinune, na elehune ke na prostateuune, me ta ekleme:na orkana tus, tu paraoii, kateutinontas ti sti ikanopiisi au kinonikes anankes.

norizume oti o sosialismos te ine ipoθesi enos politiku foria:, ala au tis erkazomenes taksis ke tis kinonikis simahias tis mea:lis pliopsifias enos lau:. i erkatiki taksi te pori na ine apeleuterome:ni i iia, a te apeleutero:si ke ti kinonia olokliri. ia ema:s o sosialismos ina apolita sinifasme:nos me ti enerko simetohi au olus stis ikonomikes, kinonikes ke politikes ipoθe:sis ke katohiro:ni ti antistihi iahisi tis eksusias.

i katauoles tu SIRIZA ine anihneuomenes sto eatiko ke to euritero laiko kinima tu telus tekatu enatu eo:na, me to anima au tus orizontes au tis ipotelis taksis, sti uasi tis marksikis skipsis ke au tis arhes tu ikostus apo ti eθniki antistasi, to EAM ke tu ETA, tu niolia: lanpra:ki, to ao:na ena:ntia sti tistatoria, tu ekeiersi tu politehniu, tus metaiktatorikus ao:nes au ta aristera komata ki orkano:sis, ti sinkrotisis tu sinaspirsmu tis aristeras ke tis proo:u, tu horu ialo:u ke kini:s trasis tus aristeras, tu kinimatos ena:ntia sti niofileleuteri pankosmiopiisi ke tu kinoniku foru.


note > υφιστάμενοι, > αγωνιζόμενος ???, > υπερασπίζει, > συντελούμενης, > συνδεμένο, > βασιζόμενο, > Απελευθερωμένο, > ανιχνευόμενες

Carta sobre el más verdadero español

Hola, querida Real Academia Española,

A pesar de yo saber que ustedes son muy pesaditos y finos para estar cambiando lo llamado patrimonio cultural, de cualquier manera, conociendo las verdades del español mundial, y queriendo enseñar la ciencia del habla o linguística o fonética para la ancha y duradera letradura o alfabetismo del gran pueblo iberorromano, quiero aquí establacer la mejor y más verdadera escritura de nuestra lengua la española o castellana. Hemos de empezar entonces con el hecho de nuestra no vista o olvidada sencillez o sea que tenemos no más que /p/ /t/ /k/ que por alofonía se vuelven /b/ /d/ y /g/—sino lo que escribimos << nd, ng, mb >> siendo afectadas tradiciones o costrumbres de letrados muy cultistas, ya que las tres pueden escribirse << nt ~ n, np ~ m, nk ~ n >>. Igualmente con << rg, lb, etc. >> que más bien son duras pero suavizadas por querer muchos más seguir la escritura recibida que una ecuménica, como que fuera, arquifonología.

Aparte, es tanta la diafonía, o sea, los dialectos en latinoamerica o españa, que una escritura sencilla valiera mucho más, sino por desgana de igualdad o la sola letra << z~c >> que nada más fuera cambiar algunas eses por eθes. Esta sencillez además se viera en que no solo se dice pero debiéramos también escribir ninguna final ese ya que de tan poco ya valen ya sirven, pues ni oídas son mucho, sino en españa norteña y demasiado educado o méxico o latinoamérica.

nota entre vocales o sin acento, la sílaba empezada por la ahora << p t k >> se volviera entonces con por el mismo sistema /p:/ /t:/ /k:/, como si fueran dobles, y que, es verdad, se oyen hasta si raras veces. II solo deben ir las eses o jotas finales /s/ ~ /h/, dependiendo del habla que se esté escribiendo, en << los, las, les, más, nos >>, y algunas otras pocas pequeñitas palabras. III todo esto va también más o menos con todas las lenguas de españa (cómo el portugués o el catalán) y de francia y el norte de italia, o sea, todas en esto tan central y grande se desenvolvieron de igual manera y hasta la lengua sarda, y menos hasta todas las otras itálicas o sea las toscanas, romanas, napolitanas y sicilianas y las rumanas también. IIII también la muy de otras desigual vasca, griega, albanés, etc. V 
  • c > t:i (~ ts)
  • ʃ > si ~ is
  • ts > ti
  • ʒ > i
  • ∅ ~ kon ~ por (~ t) < de
  • mCr nCr mC nr > mr nr nC nr:
Véase bien entonces cuán sencillo se nos vuelven las cosas, ya en todo estar, si fuera, cambiado, aquí (UDHR)—
to loh sere uma:no nasen lipre i ikua:le en tin:ita: i teret:io, i, tot:a:o komo ehta:n kon raso:n i konsiensia, tepen konporta:r se frat:erna:l mente loh uno kon loh ot:ro.

On the Truer Slav

Hello, dear Moscow State University,

The slavs must write anew. Why? Well, i's found me a great, great wrong thing in the writing, that go back to byzantine times. The Slavs could be one utterly but they must see how their writing is dumb cross-speech-wise, which even back then they coulda seen, if it wouldn't have been for the overall wish to be like spoke greek or rather seen unlike it, when in truth spoke greek itself was the greatest mistaking and muddling of speech-knowledge, not even as much as latin & its child-tongues. Well, what is the wrong thing? That there was no /iV/ in old slavic, & not even now, as the slav tongues is so so steadfast unlike the others near it, & thus, there never was any need for a /ʒ/ speech mark, but rather it coulda been shown with a /i/. Thus, what is said to be russian /ia/ is in truth /a/, yet what is said to be /noʒ/ is, but could be shown rather more cross-speech-wise wisely as "noi". Some /u/'s themselves needn't be shown either, as they wasn't there either but rather was only, like "j or y", willy-nilly littlenesses.

note true too for albanian

Furthermore, the palatals at a word-end can be shown as foresoftened, not aftersoftened, thus only a middle /i/ would be needed. If all them here things was to be done, the many slavic tongues would hardly seem weird. Yet by taking in all the hate from the germans & greeks, the slavs was happy with the worst of writings, tho in truth not as bad as the irish nor even the greek. But however them had songs from long ago that needed a writing to keep the so-called meter, but not the slavs, that in truth hardly wrote down their great songs, that themself also needed a wrote down song-way & kept. But rather the whole wish alone was to write down them awful holy books, more for unfair churchmen, than the great folk, that had before worshipped other gods or holymen, & likely had sung 'em, & likely they wasn't far from tokens or thing-ghosts of the land & water. Thus, we can start the true slav like this,
  • /i/ < /ʒ/ 
  • (/it/ /ti/) /ik/ /ki/ < /c/ 
  • /is/ /si/ (/ih/ /hi/) < /ʃ/ 
  • ∅V V.V < ∅iV ViV 
  • Cli > Ci ??? 
II in all fairness, there may be mistaking between /V.V/ & /VV/, but not much. III softenings don't needa happen at stem-end, needless to say, where an ending may be thrown in.

For showing, UDHR, Russian Anthem—
use liudi raidautsi suabotnimi i raunimi u suao:m dastoinstui i prauah. ani nadilini razumam i souistiu i dolini pastupat u atnasie:ni druk druga u duhi bratstua.
rosia suiskien:ai nasia diria:ua,
rosia liubimai nasia strana:.
magukiai uoli, uilikai slaua:
tuao: dastaani na use urimina!
slausi, atekiistua nasii suabodnai,
bratskih naro:dau sau:z uikauoi,
pretkami dan:ai mudrast narotnai!
slausi, strana:! mi gardi:msi tabo:i!
ot uinih mare:i da paliarnaa krai
raskinulis nasii lisa i palia:.
atna ti na sueti, atna ti taka:i,
hranimai bogam rotnai zimia:!
siiro:ki prasto:r dia meikti i dia iizni.
griduskiii nam atkriua:ut gada:.
nam silu dao:t nasia uernast otkiizni.
tak bila, tak est i tak budit usikda:!

On the Need for English "Chemistry"

Hello, dear American Chemical Society,

We must make up new words for "chemistry", mostly going with Mandarin. Why? Well, chemistry is the greatest truth needful too as much in biology as in geology, or rather, in life-lore, & earth-lore, or rather, most of our knowledge. In truth, as you all may know well already, if America's folk'd know better all of it or most, it woulda got sooner enough of a grasp of weather shift, or, "climate change". Now, I will take it on me to make this up, & you being not dumb english speech-law-givers, but folk wishing for swift meaning, should be glad with this, not at all bewildered, but if you is, i would understand. Soon enough, if you'll read thru, & see how mandarin and others has done better in making up their own words, you'll get how needful & maybe by me to be well done all this.

Let's start with the beginning, "chemistry",
> shift-learning
Keep reading here...Handy Craft-Wordbook!

Follow-Up — "Math"

Hello, dear American Chemical Society, National Academy of Sciences & Department of Energy,

Given how needed it is that everybody speak of reckoning the best, we can & should make up, as with mandarin-like "chemical" words before, now rather "math"'s. Without further ado,

Keep reading here...Handy Craft-Wordbook!

On the Six Englishes

Hello, dear House & Parliament,

Whereas it may seem many as if our tongue the English is a bit too hard to get from land-speech's sight-side, as the british one way & we in settler-land another, however, in truth, they all can be mostly brought down to a helpful six-listing (even more as Aussie & Afric's is much like London's & Scotland truly should be Scots, in many ways altogether unalike)—Los Angeles's, New York's, Boston's, Chicago's, London's & Manchester's. This is all so that our now writing will be ditched & instead this new taken, as i'd spoke enough here, under "On Speech & Writing".

Keep reading here...Handy Craft-Wordbook!

On the True Start & Growth of Indo-Euro & Germania's Tongues

Hello, dear United Kingdom, Germany, Sweden, & Iceland,

While so much time & strength went long ago in tying the germanic tongues with the latin, greek & sanskrit, on the other hand, the great wellspring that was & is icelandic was utterly forgotten, as indeed it may be the key to the first speech, that in it all them northerners could get each other, much before Caesardom (500 BC). Anyways, if one was to go with the glottal thinking about indo-euro speech, it seem more fairly said that,
  • 'P ~ hP 
Now, this has been kept to this day in English, one Danish speech-kind, & Iceland's, but the stern silliness of tying things with greek, latin, & sanskrit blinded the many, neither they knew much about Iceland's nor glottal thinking nor even likely Armenian, that is so uneven thru his many speech-kinds. Now, knowing that no tongue truly keep the threefoldness of P 'P hP, it seem me then rather much that the first indo-euro had only two, but we, in our unknowingness & love for othering us even a made-up first-tongue, put together as one speech what was likely two speech-kinds keeping each other unalike, mainly at word-start,
  • F P most* 
  • P F italy's, greek, & aryan
  • P P tocharian 
note mid-word, > V~P~(?)P(?)
*iran's, albania's, balto-slav, celt, germania's, armenia's, hittite

Why softs & stops? Since it is more cross-speech-wise often to be onefold & not bother with whether something is P or B at word-start, that is, the most unmarked thing is "neutralizing" that "voicing contrast" at word-start. Only mid-word it is well for most tongues to draw a line with twinning P~P: or breathing P~hP or nosing P~nP. Now, to start with /s/ or /f/ or /h/ is all good at word start, even more with /s/ or /h/, less so with /f/. However, in driest lands for beyond speech needs or owing to turning more like other tongues nearby, the indo-euro sometimes chose to kill the F, a token i has took for /θ/~/s/~/c/, /f/~/hu/~/xu/ & /h/~/x/, as first in hittite & tocharian, later in most indo-euro tongues with at the same time B < P or breathing 'em up the new P.

Now, this seem hard to believe, but at least in one thing almost all say yes, that there was no "b", that is, 'P. In truth, the writing ways stuck in speakers' mind—what should be more spoke about—, "phonetic overkill", that is, to think "free variation" or "phonetics" wrongly "phonemics", that is, meaningful. We can think of the word "dare", that against it we can't find us no (mostly) "tare", nor even "thare". In truth, this is so for most words, yet we think us it so needed to have us the full row D T & TH. This has to do as well with the churches & holymen, that wish to speak more markedly, so as to keep evermore the needy down, even with the daily speech. Thus, all higher speech is holy, in their mind & still in most nowadays, & all unholy at the bottom, that is, with the needy many. Needless to say, this shouldn't be, as it is so dumb & utterly evil.

Keep reading here...Handy Craft-Wordbook!

Follow-Up ― English Settler-Land's Lawmaking Words or "American" "Legislative Terms"

Hello, dear House, slow Senate, right Cornyn, McConnell, McCarthy, & left Pelosi, Schumer, Durbin,

I has already, mostly following Mandarin, i's made us up good words for sooner, if not livelier, meaning, so that no english speakers need go deep into the world of latin, nor greek, nor french, nor deeper, even, into english's awful writing. see my own writings late here Epistle on the Need for English "Chemistry", & Follow-Up — "Math". Now, i wanna do the same, but helping you in it, you, the lawmaking body & main at that. I hope you read you this & see the good in it, as well. The spring is Glossary | | Library of Congress, so let's start,

Keep reading here...Handy Craft-Wordbook!