Handy Craft-Wordbook

  • Chemistry 
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"We must make up new words...mostly going with Mandarin."
note '...' is for ditto, not ellipsis.

ΣIFT LƏRNƏN ~ 'Chemistry'

(Thrown in -ness(-es) whenever needed, e.g., sourness, that we can gadly make more, as in sournesses, or instead, thing(-s), as in sour-thing, or sour-things, likewise & they can took out -th or -ing, or shift word, I~A, as in heat~hot.)

spring Basic Chemistry Vocabulary List
  • utter might-reckoning < absolute temperature 
  • utter naught-reckoning < absolute zero 
  • almost-truth < accuracy 
  • sour < acid 
  • sour-dry < acid anhydride 
  • quickened mishmash < activated complex 
  • quickening might < activation energy 
  • quickness row < acitivity series 
  • true ... < actual yield 
  • more-making back-answer < addition reaction 
  • sticking < adsorption 
  • strong-drink < alcohol 
  • good-smell < aldehyde 
  • soap-ore < alkali metals 
  • soap-earth ores < alkaline earth metals 
  • fire-lightness < alkane 
  • thin-lightness < alkene 
  • lack-lightness < alkyne 
  • other-shaped < allotrope 
  • together-ore < alloy 
  • A speck < alpha particle 
  • piss-flesh < amine 
  • sour piss-flesh < amino acid 
  • both-kinded < amphiprotic ~ amphoteric 
  • yes-end < anode 
  • water- < aqueous ~ hydration 
  • ground-speck thing-reckoning only-spot < atomic mass unit 
  • ground-speck half-path < atomic radius 
  • ground-speck hard-body < atomic solid 
  • aufbau ground-law < aufbau principle 
  • bitter-dry < base anhydride 
  • bitter < base 
  • lightning-pool < battery 
  • B speck < beta particle 
  • two-toothed stuck-speck < bidentate ligand 
  • twofold together-thing < chemical compound 
  • tie-might < binding energy 
  • ...-might < bond energy 
  • slow-down < buffer 
  • heat-learning < calorimetry 
  • life-breath sour < carboxylic acid 
  • speeder < catalyst 
  • no-end < cathode 
  • together-back-answer < chain reaction 
  • shift-lore matching < chemical equation 
  • shift-lore kind-thing < chemical property 
  • hand-like < chirality 
  • hue-list < chromatography 
  • lightning-path < circuit 
  • curdling < coagulation 
  • together-reckoning < colligative properties 
  • sticky body < colloid ~ suspension 
  • burning < combustion 
  • same away-speck outcome < common ion effect 
  • manifold away-speck < complex 
  • thickened < concentration 
  • thickening < condensation 
  • lightning-leading < conductance 
  • yoked sour < conjugate acid 
  • yoked bitter < conjugate base 
  • full light-list < continuous spectrum 
  • even-worthy ... < covalent bond 
  • threshold thing-reckoning < critical mass 
  • threshold-shape < critical point 
  • gem framework < crystal lattice 
  • gem < crystal 
  • ... unlike shove law < Dalton's law of partial pressures 
  • break-down < decomposition 
  • same < degenerate 
  • away-going < delocalization 
  • kind-shifting < denature 
  • spreading < diffusion 
  • thinning < dilution 
  • two-end law < dipole moment 
  • two-end to two-end strength < dipole-dipole force 
  • break-up < dissociation 
  • oversteaming < distillation 
  • two-swapped back-answer < double replacement reaction 
  • streaming < effusion 
  • lightning-breaking < electrolysis 
  • lightning-broken < eletrolyte 
  • lightning-speck liking < electron affinity 
  • lightning-taking < electronegative 
  • lightning-giving < electroprositive 
  • sticky < emulsion 
  • hand-like bit-speck < enantiomer 
  • might-taking < endothermic 
  • ...hue < endpoint 
  • might-spot < energy level 
  • might-hold < enthalpy 
  • might-breaking < entropy 
  • ground-yeast < enzyme 
  • even < equilibrium 
  • same-hue < equivalence point 
  • drunk-fat < ester 
  • unneeded input < excess reagent 
  • quickened being < excited state 
  • might-giving < exothermic 
  • kin < family ~ functional group ~ group 
  • ... might-learning < laws of thermodynamics 
  • crack-breaking < fission 
  • ... might < free energy 
  • ... speck < free radical 
  • G beam < gamma ray 
  • here-there unlike-shape < cis-trans-isomerism 
  • bottommost might-spot < ground state 
  • ...-back-answer < half-reaction 
  • brine-speck < halogen 
  • back-answer might < heat~enthalpy of reaction 
  • uneven mishmash < heterogeneous mixture 
  • even mishmash < homogeneous mixture 
  • ... law < hund's rule 
  • muddled path < hybrid orbital 
  • light-coal < hydrocarbon 
  • light-... < hydrogen bond 
  • lightening < hydrogenation 
  • sour-water away-speck < hydronium ion 
  • bitter-water away-speck < hydroxide ion 
  • dream-breath < ideal gas 
  • dream-mishmash < ideal solution 
  • other-hating < immiscible 
  • teller < indicator 
  • hinderer < inhibitor 
  • coalless together-thing < inorganic compound 
  • stern < insoluble 
  • inbetween < intermediate 
  • bond-strength < intermolecular force 
  • away-speck ... < ionic bond 
  • away-speck might < ionization energy 
  • one-way back-answer < irreversible reaction 
  • same water-wise shove ??? < isotonic solution 
  • other middle-specks < isotope 
  • good-smell-like < ketone 
  • (shifting) might < kinetic energy 
  • fifty seven thru sevendy one shrinking < lanthanide contraction 
  • framework might < lattice energy 
  • framework < lattice 
  • might-keeping law < law of conservation of energy 
  • thing-keeping law < law of conservation of mass 
  • ... law < le chatlier's principle 
  • ... drawing ~ speck-likeness < lewis structure 
  • stuck-speck < ligand 
  • hindering input < limiting reagent 
  • picked light-list < line spectrum 
  • now-then two-end strength < london dispersion force 
  • ... twosome < lone pair ~ unshared electron pair 
  • oftenest ground-things < main-group elements 
  • thing-reckoning flaw < mass defect 
  • thing-reckoning < mass 
  • steps < mechanism 
  • ∅ < molality 
  • speck-reckoning < molar mass ~ mole 
  • ∅ < molar volume 
  • speck-thickenedness < molarity 
  • speck-bit < mole fraction 
  • unknown speck-reckoning < mole ratio 
  • bit-speck together-thing < molecular compound 
  • onefold away-speck < monatomic ion 
  • milding back-answer < neutralization reaction 
  • empty spot < node 
  • same-lightning ... < nonpolar covalent bond 
  • often seething-heat < normal boiling point 
  • often melting-heat < normal melting point 
  • sameness < normality 
  • ground-speck-twining < nuclear fusion 
  • ground-speck-breaking < nuclear fission 
  • kernel-back-answer < nuclear reaction 
  • kernel-speck < nucleon 
  • eightsome-law < octet rule 
  • light-wise unlike-shape < optical isomerism 
  • lightning-path < orbital 
  • coal-together-thing < organic compound 
  • water-shove < osmosis 
  • lightning-reckoning < oxidation number 
  • lightning-loss < oxidation 
  • half-shove < partial pressure 
  • ... all-unlike law < pauli exclusion principle 
  • ∅ < percent yield 
  • row < period 
  • row-... < periodic law 
  • ∅ < pH 
  • thing-being-table < phase diagram 
  • thing-being < phase 
  • inborn < physical 
  • twofold ... < pi-bond 
  • manygroundspecked < polyatomic 
  • manybitspecked < polymer 
  • height-might < potential energy 
  • overtruth < precision 
  • shove < pressure 
  • output < product 
  • speck-might-learning < quantum theory 
  • unsteady kernel < radioactive 
  • slowest step < rate determining step 
  • take-give back-answer < redox reaction 
  • many drawings < resonance structure 
  • back-going back-answer < reversible reaction 
  • speck-speed < root mean square velocity 
  • fulfilled < saturated 
  • half-leader < semiconductor 
  • ... outcome < shielding effect 
  • only-... < sigma bond 
  • meaningful reckoning < significant figure 
  • one-swapped back-answer < single-replacement reaction 
  • soft < solubility 
  • thrown-thing < solute 
  • watery < solvent 
  • heat-threshold < specific heat capacity 
  • idle away-specks < spectator ions 
  • own-shift < spontaneous change 
  • room-hindering ??? < steric hindrance 
  • ∅ < stoichiometry 
  • ... sour < strong acid ~ polyprotic acid ??? 
  • kernel-strength < nuclear force 
  • speed-steaming < sublimation 
  • high cooling < supercooling 
  • standing-tight < surface tension 
  • speck-twining < synthesis 
  • might-reckoning < temperature 
  • ∅ < theoretical yield 
  • dripping < titration 
  • only frame < unit cell 
  • unfulfilled < unsaturated 
  • outermost lightning-specks < valence electron 
  • steam-shove < vapor pressure 
  • seething < vaporization 
  • self-seething < volatile 
'synonyms',
  • lore ~ learning ~ knowledge 
  • reckoning ~ reading 
  • spot ~ height 
  • naught ~little ~ aught ~ nothing 
  • almost ~ near ~ somewhat 
  • break ~ slacken ~ unbind ~shrink 
  • quick ~ alive ~ awake ~ up ~ shifting 
  • yield ~ output (reckoning) 
  • ore ~ hard-thing 
  • shape ~ sight ~ look ~ kind ~ way 
  • first ~ main 
  • two- ~ twin ~ twice ~ again ~ back 
  • -body ~ -er 
  • reckoning ~ ∅ ~ -ing 
  • away- ~ against- 

REKƏNƏN ~ 'Math'

note nobody not wanting they should never make her or him learn higher things, that is, anything beyond the ground-learnings. youths too many is undergoing such wretchedness. II X is said /xa/ ~ /xe/ (like /h/ but harder), not ***/eks/

spring Math.com Glossary

  • utter worth < absolute value 
  • sharp horn < acute angle 
  • (sharp, (un)evensided, right) three-horn < (acute, equilateral, right, scalene) triangle 
  • (more-~times-)making only-spot ground < additive identity (of addition~multiplication) 
  • (more-making) backward ground < (additive) inverse 
  • neighbor horn-reading < adjacent angle 
  • top-dot < vertex 
  • bow < arc 
  • side-output < area 
  • more-making tie-law < associative property of addition 
  • times-making tie-law < associative property of multiplication 
  • evening < average 
  • back-fit axle < axis of symmetry 
  • ground < base 
  • twin-carve < bisect 
  • boxshaped drawing < box and whisker plot 
  • D setting-mark < cartesian coordinate ~ ordered pair 
  • ring-heart horn < central angle 
  • string < chord 
  • ring < circle 
  • ring-turn < circumference 
  • tie-reckoning < coefficient 
  • samelined < collinear 
  • gathering < combination 
  • shrinking reckoning < (greatest) common factor 
  • shrinking many-reckoning < common multiple 
  • more-making swap-law < commutative property of addition 
  • times-making swap-law < commutative property of multiplication 
  • twined horn < complementary angle 
  • (together, inborn, ..., (un)fair, no, yes, weird, ground, true, ...)-reckoning < (composite, counting~natural, even, (ir)rational, negative, positive, odd, prime, real, whole) number 
  • bore-body < cone 
  • selfsame < congruent 
  • always-reckoning < constant 
  • setting-mark flat < coordinate plane 
  • gathering-law < counting principle ~ combinatorial principle 
  • (...-)output < (cross-)product 
  • match-setting < cube 
  • pipe < cylinder 
  • help-reckoning < data 
  • (ten-law reckoning) < decimal number 
  • horn-reckoning < degree 
  • (fair) shrinking-mother < (common) denominator 
  • guilt-thing < dependent event 
  • twin-horn string < opposite angle 
  • straight path < diameter 
  • less-making law < difference ~ subtraction ~ dividend 
  • ∅ < digit 
  • match-law < distributive property 
  • shrinking-reckoning < divisor 
  • long-ring < oval 
  • same-worthy matching < equivalent equations 
  • reckoning-mistake < error of measurement 
  • worth-give < evaluate 
  • outcomes < event 
  • reckoning-teller < exponent 
  • same-worthy bit 
  • times-reckoning < factor 
  • flat-side < face 
  • law < formula 
  • bit < fraction 
  • often ~ seldom < frequency 
  • often-table < frequency table 
  • drawing < graph 
  • crossing < horizontal 
  • slanting-edge < hypotenuse 
  • fake-bit < improper fraction 
  • only-things < independent events 
  • unmatch < inequality 
  • endless < infinity 
  • carved horn < incribed angle 
  • carved manyside < inscribed polygon 
  • good reckoning < integer 
  • (X, J) carved length < (x, y)-intercept 
  • carved bow < inscribed arc 
  • worth-sticking < interpolation 
  • twined ... < intersecting lines 
  • backward making < inverse operation 
  • middle-three-horn < isosceles 
  • ... bit < like fraction 
  • back-fit line < line of symmetry 
  • ...-path < line segment 
  • dot-path < locus 
  • thought-law < logic 
  • last-small bit < lowest terms 
  • mid-spot < median 
  • ...-dot < (mid)point 
  • same < mode 
  • many-reckoning < multiple 
  • times-making ground < multiplicative identity 
  • tipped reckoning < multiplicative inverse ~ reciprocal 
  • other-hating thing < mutually exclusive event 
  • straight-hung < perpendicular ~ normal 
  • reckoning-... < number line 
  • bit-top < numerator 
  • dull horn < obtuse angle 
  • (five, eight, four)-side < (octa)gon ~ quadrilateral 
  • making < operation 
  • twin-side < opposite 
  • start < origin 
  • even-rowed < parallel 
  • even-rowed four-side < parellelogram 
  • hundred-bit < percent 
  • turn-length < perimeter 
  • tidying < permutation 
  • ring-path-bit ~ P-bit < pi 
  • flat < plane 
  • manysided body < polyhedron 
  • cloth < power 
  • maybe < probability 
  • true bit < proper fraction 
  • near-showing < proportionality 
  • horn-tool < protractor 
  • gem-like-tower < pyramid 
  • long-short-side-law < pythagorean theorem 
  • shape-end < quadrant 
  • shrinking-answer < quotient 
  • half-path < radius 
  • worth-room < range 
  • mash-bit < rate 
  • beam < ray 
  • straight-match < rectangle 
  • back-side < reflection 
  • ∅ < (repeating, terminating) decimal 
  • chestnut-shaped < rhombus 
  • right horn < right angle 
  • turning < rotation 
  • all-outcomes < sample pace 
  • next-showing ... < scale drawing 
  • slack-dot drawing < scattergram 
  • ∅ < scientific notation 
  • alike < similar 
  • shrinking < simplify 
  • slant line < skew lines 
  • answer < solution 
  • ball < sphere 
  • match < square 
  • match ... < square root 
  • steam-leaf-drawing < steam and leaf plot 
  • ... horn < straight angle 
  • show-side-output < surface area 
  • shift < translation 
  • shaping < transformation 
  • side-crossing < transversal 
  • ladder-shaped < trapezoid 
  • ... table < tree diagram 
  • only-spot sold-worth < unit price 
  • willy-nilly < variable 
  • hung horn < vertical angle 
  • hoarding(-shape) < volume 
  • (X, Y) axle < (x, y)-axis 
  • naught ~ &c. < zero 
  • times-making naught-law < zero property of multiplication 
new 'synonyms',
  • often ~ seldom ~ time 
  • carved ~ cut ~ hewn 
  • backward ~ un- 
  • making ~ work 
  • answer ~ root 
  • shrinking ~ unfolding 
  • times ~ ride ~ fold 

(English Settler-Land's) Lawmaking Words ~ 'American' 'Legislative Terms'

note to answer or help with this, Texas attorney general joins Pledge of Allegiance lawsuit in India Landry case, a turning—"We swear the (english settler-land's) flag our friendship, & (to) the (together-)land it stand for, one under the godhead, unbroke(n), free & fair for all." II for other land-speech (like Boston or Chicago's), see further down.
UI SUER DƏ FLAG AR FRENDΣIP, AN DƏ LAND IT STAND FOR, UON ONDƏR DƏ GA:DHED, ONBRO:K, FRI AN FER FOR A:L.
spring Glossary | Congress.gov | Library of Congress
  • doing-stone < action code 
  • rest < adjourn 
  • dayless resting < adjournment sine die 
  • overwrite < amendment 
  • overwriting-swap < amendment exchange 
  • stead's sake overwriting < amendment in the nature of a substitute 
  • two-housed < bicameral 
  • draft < bill 
  • together chosen thought < joint resolution 
  • draft-main < bill summary 
  • forereckoning chosen tought < budget resolution 
  • at behest ~ asked < by request 
  • days < calendar 
  • land-gathering's forereckoning workroom < congressional budget office 
  • end < cloture 
  • tidying-step < codification measure 
  • (under-)errand-gathering < (sub)committee 
    • house 
      • field < agriculture 
      • give < appropriations 
      • weapons < armed services 
      • forereckoning < budget 
      • teaching & work < education & the workforce 
      • might & business > energy & commerce 
      • uprightness < ethics 
      • wealth business < financial services 
      • outside asks < foreign affairs 
      • ... rest < homeland security 
      • ... doing < house administration 
      • fairness < judiciary 
      • inborn-wealth < natural resources 
      • ... & headship shift < oversight & government reform 
      • laws < rules 
      • knowledge, heavens & craft < science, space & technology 
      • craft-newmaking < technology modernization 
      • going(/shipping) & groundworks < transportation & infrastructure 
      • elders' asks < veterans' affairs 
      • ... might < ways & means 
      • news < intelligence 
    • elderhouse 
      • field, meals & woods < agriculture, nutrition & forestry 
      • give < appropriations 
      • weapons < armed services 
      • wealth, ... town-asks < banking, housing & urban affairs 
      • forereckoning < budget 
      • business, knowledge & going(/shipping) < commerce, science & transportation 
      • might & inborn wealth < energy & natural resources 
      • land & folk-works < environment & public works 
      • wealth < finance 
      • outside land-friendships < foreign relations 
      • ..., teaching, work, & resters < health, educations, labor & pensions 
      • ... rest & headship asks < homeland security & governmental affairs 
      • fairness < judiciary 
      • laws & doing < rules & administration 
      • ... & businessmanship < small business & entrepreneurship 
      • elders' asks < veterans' affairs 
      • riping < aging 
      • uprightness < ethics 
      • first folk asks < indian affairs 
      • news < intelligence 
    • together 
      • forereckoning & give-going shift 
      • sparing-field 
      • the bookhouse 
      • rester back-give way (???) < solvency of multiemployer pension plans 
      • bookmaking < printing 
      • taxes < taxation 
  • errand-gathering's doing < committee-related activity 
  • errand-gathering master < committee chair 
  • whole errand-gathering < committee of the wheol 
  • errand-gathering news < committee report 
  • open-news < communications 
  • match-step < companion measure 
  • sametimed chosen thought < concurrent resolution 
  • meeting < conferee 
  • meeting errand-gathering < conference committee 
  • meeting-news < conference report 
  • ... land gathering < (two-year) congress 
  • land-gathering (daily) minding < Congressional Record 
  • land-gathering news < congressional report 
  • ongoing(-)chosen thought < continuing resolution 
  • (together)helper < (co)sponsor 
  • land-gathering learning-help < congressional research service 
  • daily main < daily digest 
  • lawmade < enacted 
  • all together < en bloc 
  • (all) house(s) end-step < engrossed~enrolled measure 
  • leadership ... < executive business 
  • leadership days < executive calendar 
  • leadership open-news < executive communications 
  • leadership news < executive report 
  • leadership meeting(-time) < execituve session 
  • (together-)land's keeping bookhouse < federal depository library 
  • hindering thing-telling < filibuster 
  • akin ~ (a)like < germaneness 
  • headship bookmaking workroom < government publishing office 
  • houselaws errand-gathering < house rules committee 
  • same drafts < identical bills 
  • manylanded settling < international agreement 
  • meeters' understanding < joint explanatory statement ~ statement of managers 
  • together chosen thought < joint resolution 
  • day-telling < journal 
  • might ~ overlordship < jurisdiction 
  • lawmaking doing ... < legislative action steps 
  • lawmaking sought < legislative interest 
  • lawmaking headwords < legislative subject term 
  • ∅ < Legislative Indexing Vocabulary 
  • step (draft ~ chosen thought) < measure (bill ~ resolution) 
  • (land)-ask < memorial ~ petition 
  • doing to go on < motion to proceed (to consider) 
  • doing to overerrand < motion to recommit 
  • doing ... < motion to table 
  • land folders & keepings board < national archives & records administration 
  • naming < nomination 
  • short-telling < note 
  • mainmighted heading < official title 
  • asked newsmade< ordered reported 
  • first draft < original bill 
  • (not a lawmaker) gatherer < parliamentarian 
  • broken naming < partitioned nomination 
  • meeting ~ gang caucus < party caucus ~ conference 
  • going ask < point of order 
  • lorefield~lawfield headword < policy area term 
    • field ... < agriculture & food 
    • wildlife < animal 
    • weapons & land-rest < armed force & national security 
    • crafts, lore, belief < art, culture, religion 
    • right & freedom, small-folk ask < civil right & liberty, minority issue 
    • business < commerce 
    • land-gathering < congress 
    • guilt & lawmanship < crime & law enforcement 
    • sparing-field & together-wealth < economics & public finance 
    • teaching ~ lore < education 
    • first help < emergency department 
    • might < energy 
    • land-keeping~-watching < environmental protection 
    • kin < family 
    • wealth < finance & financial sector 
    • outside business & manylanded wealth < foreign trade & international finance 
    • headship work & ganging~leadership < government operations & politics 
    • ... folk-growth < housing & community development 
    • newcomers ~ new folk < immigration 
    • manylanded asks < international affairs 
    • work & hiring < labor & employment 
    • first folk < native americans 
    • free-lands & inborn-wealth < public lands & natural resources 
    • knowledge, craft, & talking < science, technology, communication 
    • folk-knowledge & old days < social sciences & history 
    • (folk-)welfare < social welfare 
    • games & mirth < sports & recreation 
    • taxes < taxation 
    • going(/shipping?) & folk-works < transportation & public works 
    • (drinking) water (growth) < water resources development 
  • folk-heading < popular title 
  • leadership's epistle < presidential message 
  • old ask < previous question 
  • self(ish) draft < private bill 
  • weirdmighted naming < privileged nomination 
  • going-wise like step < procedurally-related measure 
  • seeming meeting-time < pro forma session 
  • ... elder(house) overwriting < called up Senate amendment 
  • law folk-reckoning ... < quorum (call) 
  • (errand(-gathering's) eldest (master) < ranking member 
  • rested choosing < recess appointment 
  • turning ~ sending < referral 
  • like draft < related bill 
  • newsmade < reported 
  • watched~kept~chosen draft mark < reserved bill number 
  • choosing call~list < roll call vote 
  • (deal-)letting chosen thought < resolution of ratification 
  • short heading < short title 
  • onefold~soon chosen tought < simple resolution 
  • weird law < special rule 
  • star bookmaking < star print 
  • sent elder(house) overwriting < submitted senate amedment 
  • overmanyreckoning < supermajority 
  • law hanging < suspension of the rules 
  • writing alikeness < text similarities 
  • heading < title 
  • long settling writing < treaty document 
  • time settling < unanimous consent agreement ~ time agreement 
  • time ask < unanimous consent request 
  • (leadership) naysay (~ nosay) < veto 
other more same-names or 'synonyms',
  • two- ~ twin(-) 
  • draft ~ draught 
  • together(-) ~ once ~ with- ~ 'gether- ~ bound~tie(d)~bond ~ folk- 
  • fore- ~ before-hand 
  • master ~ (fore)-sat-(man/women) ~ head-(man/women) ~ leader 
  • -∅ ~ -telling ~ -writing ~ -talk ~ -keeping ~ -sharing ~ -thing ~ -penning 
  • -ing ~ -er 
  • chosen ~ chose 
  • helper ~ liker ~ fosterer 
  • main ~ plucked ~ plucking 
  • leadership ~ high-/land- sheriff~master 
  • headship ~ doinghouse 
  • settling ~ deal 
  • understanding ~ getting 
  • over- ~ again- 
  • asked ~ behested 
  • gang ~ leading guild 
  • lore ~ learning 
  • land-gathering ~ land-thing ~ (settler-)powwow 
  • old ~ bygone 
  • -ed ~ ∅ 
  • news ~ smartness ~ wisdom 
  • land ~ roundings 

The Six Englishes

note the main unlikeness is the back soft-words & the end /r/. II i chose /uo/ for Boston, since it's in NY even if less, as otherwise i could only make 'but' & 'bot' the same. III the tale is The Wind & the Sun. IIII needless to say, caps should be the whole word & seldom, so one should know already what's a name or a thing. V no 'person-agreement' (only 'is, was, etc.' & ∅ < -s.) as it's mostly nothing more than a wealth-marker in each. VI needless to say, London's is the weirdest & indeed hard to get them cockneys & aussies, almost another tongue altogether. VII appalachia's & the deep south's ain't here as it is strongly hated here in america, sadly, but it's much like london's. VIII for all, VtV < Vd:V, & aitV a:itV < aitV aid:V.
  • First, Los Angeles's, that's onefold, & most heard, 
      • /a:/ 
      • /erV/ 
      • /orV/ /ərV/ < /a:rV/ /orV/ 
      • in borr-, sorr-, morr- /arV/ < /a:rV/ 
    • DƏ UIND AN DƏ SON uoz dispiu:tən uic uoz də stra:ngər. sotənli, de sa ə trabələr komən daun də ro:d, an də son sed, "ai si ə ue tə disaid ar dispiu:t. uicebər ob os kən ka:z dat trabələr tə te:k a:f hiz klo:k ʃal bi rigartid az də stra:ngər. iu bigin." so də son ritaird bihaind ə klaud, an də uind bigan tə blo az hard az it kud əpa:n də trabələr, bot də hartər hi blu, də mor klo:sli də trabələr rapt hiz klo:k raund im, til at last də uind had tə gib op in disper. den də son ke:m aut, an ʃo:n in a:l hiz glori əpa:n də trabələr, dat su:n faund it tu ha:t tə ua:k uiθ hiz klo:k a:n. kaindnis ifekt mor dan siberəti.
  • Next, New York's, that ain't often heard now, 
      • /V.ə/ < /Vr∅/ 
      • /uo/ ~ /a:/ 
      • /erV/ /arV/ /eərV/ 
    • DƏ UIND AN DƏ SON uaz dispiu:tən uic uaz də struongə. sotənli, de suo ə trabələ komən daun də ro:d, an də son sed, "ai si ə ue tə disaid a dispiu:t. uicebə a:b os kən kuoz dat trabələ tə te:k uof hiz klo:k ʃal bi rigaətid az də struongə. iu bigin." so də son ritaiəd bihaind ə klaud, an də uind bigan tə blo az haəd az it kud əpa:n də trabələ, bot də haətə hi blu, də moə klo:sli də trabələ rapt hiz klo:k raund im, til at last də uind had tə gib op in dispeə. den də son ke:m aut, an ʃo:n in uol hiz glo:ri əpa:n də trabələ, dat su:n faund it tu ha:t tə uuok uiθ hiz klo:k a:n. kaindnis ifekt moə dan siberəti.
  • Third, Boston's, that neither's too heard not even, 
      • /V(.ə)/ < /Vr∅/ 
      • /uo/ ??? 
      • /erV/ /arV/ /eərV/ 
    • DƏ UIND AN DƏ SON uuoz dispiu:tən uic uuoz də struongə. sotənli, de suo ə trabələ komən daun də ro:d, an də son sed, "ai si ə ue tə disaid a dispiu:t. uicebə uob os kən kuoz dat trabələ tə te:k uof hiz klo:k ʃal bi riga:tid az də struongə. iu bigin." so də son ritaiəd bihaind ə klaud, an də uind bigan tə blo az ha:d az it kud əpuon də trabələ, bot də ha:tə hi blu, də moə klo:sli də trabələ rapt hiz klo:k raund im, til at last də uind had tə gib op in dispeə. den də son ke:m aut, an ʃo:n in uol hiz glo:ri əpuon də trabələ, dat su:n faund it tu huot tə uuok uiθ hiz klo:k uon. kaindnis ifekt moə dan siberəti. 
  • Fourth, Chicago's, that's all too often heard, but dying in youths, 
      • /a/ /a:/ < /a:/ /uo/ 
      • /ia/ < /a/ 
      • /erV/ 
      • /orV/ /ərV/ < /a:rV/ /orV/ 
      • in borr-, sorr-, morr- /arV/ < /a:rV/ 
    • DƏ UIND IAN DƏ SON uoz dispiu:tən uic uoz də stra:ngər. sotənli, de sa ə triabələr komən daun də ro:d, ian də son sed, "ai si ə ue tə disaid ar dispiu:t. uicebər ob os kən ka:z diat triabələr tə te:k a:f hiz klo:k ʃial bi rigartid iaz də stra:ngər. iu bigin." so də son ritaird bihaind ə klaud, an də uind bigian tə blo iaz hard iaz it kud əpan də triabələr, bot də hartər hi blu, də mor klo:sli də triabələr riapt hiz klo:k raund im, til iat liast də uind hiad tə gib op in disper. den də son ke:m aut, ian ʃo:n in a:l hiz glori əpan də triabələr, diat su:n faund it tu hat tə ua:k uiθ hiz klo:k an. kaindnis ifekt mor dian siberəti.
  • Five, London's, that's aweful having too so many weird beats & choking too (the wealth-token Queen's is more like New York's), 
      • /V(.ə)/ < /Vr∅/ 
      • /o/ /o:/ < /a:/ /uo/~/or∅/ 
      • /e/ /a/ /au/ /ai/ /oi/ /ui/ /eu/ < /a/ /o/ /o:/ /e:/ /ai/ /oi/ /au/ 
      • /erV/ /earV/ 
      • /f/ /∅/ < /θ/ /h/ 
      • /a∅/ ~ /ər∅/ 
    • DƏ UIND EN DƏ SAN uoz dəspiu:tən uic uoz də stronga. satənli, dai so ə trebəla kamən deun də raud, en də san sed, "oi si ə uai tə dəsoid a dəspiu:t. uicebə ob as kən ko:z det trebəla tə taik of iz klauk ʃal bi riga:tid az də stronga. iu bəgin." so də san rətoiad bioind ə klaud, en də uind bəgan tə blau ez a:d ez it kud əpon də trebəla, bat də a:da i blu, də mo klausli də trebəla rept iz klauk reund im, til et lest də uind ed tə gib ap in dəspe. den də san kaim eut, en ʃon in o:l iz glo:ri əpon də trebəla, det su:n feund it tu ot tə uo:k uid iz klauk on. koindnəs əfekt mo dan səberəti.
  • Lastly, Manchester's, even more onefold than Los Angeles' & spoken by most of england (with choking too), 
      • /V(.ə)/ < /Vr∅/ 
      • /o/ < /a:/ /uo/ 
      • /u/ < /o/ 
      • /erV/ /arV/ /eərV/ 
      • P∅ S∅ /f∅/~/p∅/ < B∅ Z∅ /b∅/ 
      • /ng/ ~ /nk/ < /ŋ/ 
      • /∅/ < /h/ 
      • /e∅/ /a∅/ ~ /i∅/ /ər∅/ 
    • DƏ UINT AN DƏ SUN uos dəspiu:tən uic uos də stronga. sutənle, de so ə trabəla kumən daun də ro:t, an də sun set, "ai si ə ue tə dəsait a dəspiu:t. uiceba of us kən kos dat trabəla tə te:k of is klo:k ʃal bi riga:tit as də stronga. iu bəgin." so də sun rətaiət biaint ə klaut, an də uint bəgan tə blo as a:t as it kut əpon də trabəla, but də a:ta i blu, də moa klo:sle də trabəla rapt is klo:k raunt im, til at last də uint at tə gif up in dəspea. den də sun ke:m aut, an ʃon in ol is glori əpon də trabəla, dat su:n faunt it tu ot tə uok uit is klo:k on. kaintnəs əfekt moa dan səberəte.

Germania's Tongues — English, German, Swedish & Icelandic Swadesh List

note a word folks taking 'em it too often across many speech-kinds mean it'll anywhere soften too, that is, > B. II tn tl ~ nt lt ~ n: l: III -n -nt~n < -ŋ -n
  • ek > ai ih~eh io ek 
  • θu > dau du dib θu 
  • his > hi a ∅ ∅ 
  • uis > ui me ui uit 
  • iis > ii ia i it 
  • θai > de de di θeir 
  • θat > dat das de θat 
  • her > hir hia har her 
  • θar > der da dar θar 
  • kuas > hu ua uem kuer 
  • kuat > uot uas ua kuat 
  • kuar > uer uo uor kuar 
  • kuan:e > uen uan nar kuenair 
  • kuo > hau ui hibr kuernik 
  • al:as > a:l ale al al:ur 
  • manakas > meni manh monga markur 
  • fauas > fiu ∅ fo faur 
  • antaras > odər anda an:an an:ar 
  • ainas > uon ain en: ein: 
  • tuai > tu cuai tuo tueir 
  • θris > θri drai tre θrir 
  • fetuor > for fia fiura fiorir 
  • finp > faib fiunf fem fim: 
  • krauhtas > gre:t gro:s ∅ ∅ 
  • lankas > la:ŋ laŋ loŋ lankur 
  • uitas > uaid uait uid uitur 
  • praitas > bra:d brait bred preitur 
  • θehkus > θik dik tiok θihkur 
  • lu:htilas > litəl liut liten li:htil: 
  • skurtas > ʃort ʃurc ∅ skortur 
  • θun:us > θin diun tibn θun:ur 
  • mano > man man man matur 
  • moter > modər muta mur motir 
  • fater > fa:dər fata far fatir 
  • tiusan > dir tia iibr tir 
  • fuklas > faul fo:gel fogel fiukl 
  • huntas > haund hunt hibnd huntur 
  • lu:s > laus laus li:bs lu:s 
  • uurmis > uərm uuam urm ormur 
  • treuan > tri ∅ tra trie 
  • stapas > staf stap stou stauur 
  • setis > si:d sa:t sat saut 
  • platan > ble:d blat blod plat 
  • uro:hts > ru:t~uərt uuac rut~eurt rout~iurt 
  • krahsan > gras gras gras kras 
  • raihpas > ro:p raif rep reihpi 
  • flaiskan > fleʃ flaiʃ flask flesk 
  • plotan > blod blut blud plout 
  • faihtitas~faihtas > fat fet fe:t fita~feihtur 
  • aiian > eg ai ag: ek: 
  • kurnan > horn horn hurn horn: 
  • taklan > te:l ca:gel togel takl 
  • stertas > start steac stiart stertur 
  • fetro > fedər fe:da fiader fieutur 
  • heran > her haa hor haur 
  • hauputan > hed haupt hibuibd heuuut 
  • auso > ir o:r eura eira 
  • augo > ai auge oika euga 
  • nuso~naso > no:z na:se nos~na:sa ne:us 
  • muntas > mauθ munt mibn: mun:ur 
  • tans > tu:θ ca:n tand teun: 
  • tungo > toŋ cunge tibŋa tunka 
  • naklas > ne:l na:gel nogel neukl~nakli 
  • fo:s > fut fus fut fouhtur 
  • kneuan > ni kni kna hnie 
  • hantus > hand hant hand heunt 
  • hnahko > nek naken nake hnahki 
  • pahkan > bak bahe bok pa:hk 
  • preustan~prus > brest brust breust prioust 
  • herto > hart heac iarta hiarta 
  • lipro > libər le:ba liuur leuer 
  • -nan 
    • trinka- > drink trinken drik:a trehka 
    • ehta- > i:t es:en a:t:a e:hta 
    • pi:hta- > bait bais:en bi:t:a pi:hta 
    • su:hka-~su:ka- > sok saugen si:bg:a siu:a 
    • spi:ua- > spiu spaien spiia spiu 
    • ploa- > blo bli:uen ∅ ∅ 
    • hlahia- > laf lahen le hlaiia 
    • sekua- > si se:n se siau 
    • hausia- > hir he:uren heur:a heira 
    • uihta- > uit uis:en ue:t:a ui:hta 
    • θankia- > θink denken tak:as? θehkia 
    • reuhka- > ri:k ri:hen ri:uk:a riu:hka 
    • furkt-?- > frait fiurhten friubktan ∅ 
    • sle:hpa- > sli:p sla:fen ∅ ∅ 
    • suepa- > ∅ ∅ soua soua 
    • lipia- > lib le:ben leua liua 
    • tauia- > dai ∅ deu teiia 
    • fekta- > fait fehten ∅ ∅ 
    • skera- > ʃir ʃe:ren hiar:a skera 
    • kleupa- > kli:b kli:ben kliuua kliuua 
    • krapa- > gre:b gra:ben graua kraua 
    • suinpa- > suim suimen sim:a ∅ 
    • pleuka- > flai fli:gen fli:ug:a fliu:a 
    • ka-~kanka- > go ge:n go kanka 
    • likia- > lai li:gen lig:a lik:ia 
    • sihtia- > sit sicen sit:a si:htia 
    • sta-~stanta- > stand ste:n~standen sto~stonda stanta 
    • uantia- > uend uenden uanda uenta 
    • pal:a- > fa:l falen fal:a fal:a 
    • halta- > hold halten hol:a halta 
    • uaska- > uaʃ uaʃen uaska uaska 
    • traka- > dra tra:gen dro traka 
    • skeupa- > ʃob ʃi:ben skiuua skuua 
    • θrea- > θro dre:n ∅ ∅ 
    • taugia- > tai ∅ ∅ teuia teiia 
    • pinta- > baind binden binda pinta 
    • siuia- > so ∅ ∅ siu 
    • talia- > tel ce:len talia telia 
    • sakia- > se sa:gen saiia seiia 
    • preusa- > fri:z fri:ren frius:a friousa 
    • suel:a- > suel suelen sual:a sue:la 
    • prin:a- ~ pran:ia- > bərn brinen~brenen prin:a pren:a 
  • sun:o~souulo > son sone sul sun:a~soul 
  • meno > mu:n mont mo:n:e mauni 
  • sterno > star stean hiarna stiarna 
  • uator > ua:tər uas:a uat:en uahtn 
  • regnas ~ regnan > re:n re:gen reŋn rekn 
  • lako ~ lokis > le:k lahe ∅ laihkur 
  • saiuis > si se hieu sair~sior 
  • saltan > sa:lt salc salt salt 
  • stainas > sto:n stain sten stein: 
  • samtas > sand sant sand santur 
  • tustas ~ dunstan > dost dunst dibst? tust? 
  • erto > ərθ eade iurd ieurt 
  • uulkanan > uelkən uolke ∅ ∅ 
  • mikstas > mist ∅ ∅ mistur 
  • heminas ~himilas > hebən himel ∅ himin: 
  • uintas > uind uint uint uintur 
  • snaiuas > sno sne sneu snair~snior 
  • ihsan > ais i:s is i:s 
  • raukis > ri:k rauhen reuk reihkur 
  • fo:r > fair foia fiur fur~funi 
  • asko > aʃ aʃe aska aska 
  • uekas > ue uek~ueh uag uekur 
  • rautas > red ro:t reu:d~reu roidur 
  • kronis > gri:n gri:un gre:un krain: 
  • keluas ~ kulas > ielo gelp gibl~gol kulur 
  • kui:htas > uait uais ui:t kui:htur 
  • suartas > suort~suordi suaac suart suartur 
  • naks > nait naht nat: nouht 
  • takas > de tak~tah da takur 
  • ieran > iir iaa or aur 
  • uarmas > uorm uaam uarm uarmur 
  • kaltas > ko:ld kalt kal kaltur 
  • pul:as > pul fol fibl ful:ur 
  • niuias > nu noi nir niu 
  • altas > o:ld alt aldre~aldst eltri~elstur? 
  • kotas > gud gut gud kotur 
  • pulas > faul faul fi:bl ful: 
  • ∅ > raund runt ribnd runtur 
  • skarpas > ʃarp ʃarf skarp skarpur 
  • tulas > dol dol ∅ tulur 
  • tru:kis~traukis~truknas > drai driuh~troken ∅ troikur 
  • rektas > rait reht rat: rehtur 
  • nekuis > nir nea nar nair 
  • fer:ai > far ∅ fiar:? fiar:i 
  • at > at ∅ o:t at 
  • in > in in i i 
  • miti > mid mit me met 
  • anti > an un en: en: 
  • iapai > if op ∅ e:p 
  • namo > ne:m na:me namn napn