English Knowledge Book

 note '~', antonym-synonym-physical-biologic-geographic semiotics note II i gainsay many of the 'norse' etymons, in etymonline & the OED, since them here sunderd often thru old english dialects, & likely ain't bin under no 'norse' might, if not sum french. for further study, cf. bosworth-toller anglo-saxon dictionary. note III i's at last come to see that what we say to haf come from 'want', truly had come from 'wont', sinss, again, the writing can't sho us the word-start, but speech; furthermor, anywaes, 'wont' has a much longer time in english, while 'want' had always meant 'lack/need'. 

self

  • i~thou~we~ye~me~thee~us~you
  • she~he~they~her~him~them~it

kin

  • son~daughter~child~babe~maiden~girl~lad~knave
  • brother~sister~sibling
  • father~mother

folk

  • queen~lady~wife~bride~king~lord~groom
  • master~sheriff
  • cripple~dwarf
  • whore~cook~thrall
  • witch~priest~bishop~deacon~monk~nun
  • thief~monger
  • foe~friend~guest
  • crowd~guild~ward~church
  • freak~wretch~churl
  • -er~-ster

wildlife

  • flock~herd~brood~team~hive~swarm~hatch
  • fish~herring~eel
  • bird~fowl~dove~cock~hen~chick~swan~duck~goose~gander~hawk~erne
  • toe-walkers 
    • dog~bitch~hound~whelp
    • wolf
    • fox
    • cow~bull~ox~steer
    • doe~buck~deer~hart~stag 
    • goat
    • horse~mare~ass
    • camel
    • cat
    • ram~ewe~sheep~lamb
    • boar~sow~pig~hog~swine
  • frog~toad
  • foot-walkers man~ape~bear~mouse~hare~beaver~otter~shrew
  • snake~adder~newt
  • boneless
    • bug~bee~gnat~fly~ant~louse~beetle~tick~wasp~maggot
    • snail~worm~clam
    • crab~lobster~shrimp
  • seal~whale 

body

  • limb~fin~tail
  • foot~toe~shank~heel~ankle~knee~thigh~hip~hoof
  • hand~arm~finger~shoulder~elbow~thumb
  • eye~ear~lip~hair~nose~brow~shin~head~jaw
  • tongue~mouth~neb~gum~tooth
  • head~neck
  • blood~spit
  • udder~teat
  • breast~bosom~buttocks~ballocks
  • lung~brain
  • liver~kidney~milt
  • mole~wart~pimple
  • nail~horn
  • womb~belly~guts~back~midriff
  • flesh~fat~hide~bone~sinew~marrow~rib~feather~shell~gristle
  • cunt~arse

world

  • lot~dole~god~hap~luck
  • rind~bough~twig~chip~bush~hedge~leaf~grass~sedge~fern~rush~reed~weed~stem~pith~film~thorn~corn~seed~nut~crop~blossom~pod~chaff~sheaf~moss~stalk
  • tree ash~oak~yew~beech~pine~palm~maple~fir~aspen~linden~birch~elm~willow
  • wort woad~dill~turnip~fennel~mint~ginger~pepper~hemp~cress~cumin~berry~leek~garlic~parsley~rose~apple~bean~pea~wheat~rye~barley~flax~cole~beet~weld~plum~poppy
  • ground~land~hill~room~dale~swath~ridge~knoll~span
  • yard~meadow~heath~field~fen~mud~marsh~slough~moor~turf
  • water~fire~earth~wind
  • mere~sea~stream~well~spring~brook~strand~wave~tide~lake~ford~foam~brine~bubble~haven~wharf
  • top~bottom~side~left~south~north~west~east
  • weather
    • thunder~storm~rain~flood~drop
    • steam~mist~cloud~ice~dew
    • snow~hail~ice~frost~sleet
  • day~night~morn~noon~even
  • sun~moon~star~light~gleam~shade~heaven~welkin
  • stone~pebble~dust~sand~beach~ore~lime~clay
  • ash~smoke~blaze~spark~light~tinder
  • pitch~tar
  • sap~honey~salt~milk~whey~butter~bane
  • shit~dung~turd~belch~fart~piss
  • pit~hell~hole~ditch~grave~den~lair~nest
  • time~year~month~while~week~streak
  • dye~hue~yellow~red~white~black~brown~green~purple~blue
  • edge~rim~ledge~shelf
  • hunger~lust~thirst~sleep~fun~behoof~glee
  • song din~blast~shout~call~yell~whistle~whisper~roar~laugh~bleat~bellow~whine~whimp~howl~bark~croak~grunt~knell~thud~moan
  • soul~ghost~elf~life~breath~might~weal~thew
  • loss~wrack~harm~wound~death~murder~woe~throes
  • shame~guilt~lie~fiend~sin~fright~doom~awe~bale~fever~flaw
  • food~cud
  • -hood~-ship~-dom~-ness~-ing~-le~-some
  • speck~dot~spot
  • shackle

tool

  • sale penny~pound~inch~acre~mile~match~stead~ware~brand~mint
  • wood board~timber~trough~beam~stake~log~stick~staff~rod~goad~cross~rood~crank~pole~rafter
  • wheel~hinge~boat~ship~rudder~oar~path~lane~spur~helve~axle~linch~spoke~mast~hilt
  • craft~lore~law~oath~spell~anthem~word~token~mark~tale~errand~chore~riddle~epistle
  • net~snare~spear~arrow~bow~hook
  • knot~rope~string~wire~line~thong
  • yoke~scythe~sickle~flail~fan~mill~barn~furrow~harvest~rake~pump
  • thread~cloth~shirt~shoe~needle~hem~list~hat~hay~straw~leather~linen~gear~shroud~comb~loom~sley~belt~shred~mantle
  • knife~axe~sword~blade~sheath~shield~weapon~hammer~helm
  • harp~bell~drum
  • candle~wick~wax~balsam
  • dwelling house~home~shrine~hovel~tower~castle~pen~sty~hall~stall~stair~thatch~roof~stilt~floor~flat~door~gate~bolt~latch~clasp~pin~key~bed~crib~mat~bath~soap~tap~town~borough~rung~hurdle~bolster
    • kitchen pot~pan~sieve~mesh~spoon~fork~dish~cup~bowl~can~oven~stove~hearth~loaf~table
    • food bread~meal~meat~dough~groat~beer~mead~ale~wine~pill
  • iron~steel~rust~glass
  • ring

deed

  • can~shall~will~mote~wit~dare~owe
  • hear~see~smell~feel
  • speak~warn~swear~say~chat~chide~bode
  • think~believe~seem~dream~know~mind
  • reckon~weigh~mete
  • stand~sit~lie~bide~dwell~won~be~worth~wallow~lean~tilt
  • drowse~sleep
  • run~walk~step~follow~speed~creep~spin~wade~fare~sneak~stride
  • lead~drive~steer~sail
  • fly~hove~climb~hike~spring~leap~well~slide~stoop
  • heed~listen~look~stare~peek~peep
  • show~beckon~sing~weep
  • let~leave~bequeath
  • have~hold~keep~spare~bear~own~hide~wear~lade
  • come~go~rise~fall
  • stretch~knead~shape
  • smear~lather
  • likeness crash~smash~ram~whack~thwack~shatter~spank~kick~hurry~gnash~slap~clap~rap~hitch~switch~swap~wrap~chirp~tweet~bang~trickle~splash~flash~struggle~bicker~clatter~pat~swirl~twirl~whirl~lash~flap~bounce~throb
  • throw~shoot~spread~strew~sweep~sling~shed~rid~molt
  • shove~heave~draw~tow~pull~wield~bring~send
  • stir~shift~turn~wind~churn
  • tread~beat
  • put~stow~plant
  • mar~break~sunder~hinder~hamper~grind~sift~mash~thresh~gnaw~bite~crack
  • shrink~wane
  • babble~stammer~stutter~blabber
  • ache~smart~twinge
  • smile~grin
  • strike~smite~hit~sting~prick~whip~hunt~slay~choke~smother~itch~pound
  • hate~spurn~flee~shun~curse~dodge~fight~spar
  • flee~fear~dread~worry~thrill~amaze~harry
  • thank~like~choose~care~reck~help~foster
  • love~kiss~smooch~fuck~lick
  • start~begin~sprout~grow~wax~swell~teem
  • end~stop~quell~quench~ban
  • do~make~work~play~build
  • yearn~long~ax~bid~seek~need~lack~beg~crave
  • suck~blow~winnow
  • take~get~give~nim~afford~fill~yield~pick~fetch~grope~fang
  • spew~spit~drivel
  • eat~spend~drink
  • swing~shake~quake~rock
  • sell~owe~buy~steal~snatch~lend~borrow~hire
  • starve~swelter~rot~die
  • win~find~reach~earn~eke
  • wed~bind~tie~gird~gather~throng~string~swathe~hoard~heap~clot~cluster~lump
  • twist~wrest~wring
  • shear~hew~carve~fell~hack~cleave~shave~trim~tear~cut
  • read~write
  • cling~stick~cleave
  • shut~lock~wink~blink
  • burn~melt~shine~glow~tan~singe~bake~glitter~shimmer~flicker
  • sew~weave~stitch
  • whet~hone
  • bore~delve~bury
  • reek~stink~smack
  • till~sow~reap
  • miss~rue
  • water seethe~brew~simmer~wash~lave~drip~float~flow~swim~freeze~dive~sink~drown~soak~seep~drain
  • -en~-le~-er~mis-~-n't

kind

  • ready~fit~good~right~round
  • long~steep~tall~high
  • merry~glad~blithe~mild
  • mad~sick~sore~sad~weak~hoarse~wry~shy
  • sound~hale~strong~ware
  • wroth~bold~proud~tough
  • thick~hard~stiff~rough
  • evil~bad~loath~lewd
  • even~like~same~other
  • nether~short
  • yon~that~those~this~these~the
  • many~few
  • much~little~wee~enough
  • main~great~big~small
  • hot~warm~cold~cool~crisp
  • my~thy~his~her~our~your~their~mine~thine
  • one~both~two~three~four~five~six~seven~eight~nine~ten~eleven~twelve~hundred~thousand
  • all~each~some~aught
  • nigh~far
  • dumb~blind~deaf~lame
  • sour~bitter~sweet
  • keen~sharp~dull
  • bright~hoar~bleak
  • dark~swart~fallow~dreary~dim~blear
  • wet~damp~dry~sear
  • spare~greedy
  • ripe~old~first~late
  • young~new~fresh~raw~weird~queer
  • clean~foul
  • quick~dead
  • swift~quick~free~slack~slow~fast~rash
  • whole~half~full~empty
  • deep~shoal
  • narrow~wide~broad
  • soft~thin~lithe
  • true~sooth~fake~moot
  • rich~dear~cheap
  • idle~busy
  • stern~earnest
  • -'s~-ful~-less~-y~-ly~-ing~un-~-er~-est~-ed~-t~-most~-en~-le~-some~-fold
  • wild~tame
  • bare~stark~naked

way

  • down~under
  • on~over~above~up
  • in~through~among~mid~with~by
  • from~to~off~till~for
  • ever~again~now~ere~aye
  • yonder~there~here~thither~hither~thence~hence~whether~where~whence~whither~how~why~thus~then~so
  • after~beyond~behind
  • out~about
  • well
  • but~and~though
  • -wise~-ly~-ward~-st
  • seldom~oft

Y < X

  • O A < I E
    • song < sing
    • bond < bind
    • wrong < wring
    • road < ride
    • load < lead
    • way~wain < weigh
    • stake < stick
  • I E < A O U
    • heat < hot
    • breed < brood
    • eld < old
    • feed < food
    • tell < tale
    • fetter < foot
    • knit < knot
    • gild < gold
    • deal < dole
    • teach < token
    • deem < doom
    • cheek < choke
    • heal < hale
    • wreak < wrack
    • grit < groat
    • chill < cool
    • list < lust
    • learn < lore
    • bless < blood
    • fleet < float
    • creak < croak
    • leak < lack
    • drip < drop
    • steep < stoop
    • tip < top
    • wean < won
    • gripe < grope
    • hint < hunt
    • mesh < mash
    • meet < moot
    • mean < moan
  • -ch~-dg
    • breach < break
    • speech < speak
    • watch < wake
    • witch < wicked
    • knowledge < know
    • ditch < dike
    • hedge < haw
    • sedge < saw
    • beech < book
    • birch < bark
    • starch < stark
    • cringe < crank
    • snatch < snack
    • leach < lack
    • bleach < bleak
  • -th~-t~-s~-ness
    • youth < young
    • health < hale
    • breadth < broad
    • length < long
    • strength < strong
    • width < wide
    • stealth < steal
    • wealth < weal
    • truth < true
    • mirth < merry
    • height < high
    • sight < see
    • birth~burden < bear
    • ruth < rue
    • gift < give
    • growth < grow
    • bliss < blithe
    • wrath < wroth
    • draft < draw
    • weight <weigh
    • bliss < blithe
    • theft < thief
    • heft < heave
    • cleft < cleave
    • drought < dry
    • wright < work
    • flight < fly
    • depth < deep
    • wilderness < wild
    • filth < foul
    • cleanliness < clean
    • death < die
    • sloth < slow
    • shaft < shave
    • haft < have
    • drift < drive
  • -ow
    • shallow < shoal
    • sorrow < sore
    • morrow ~ morn
    • shade < shadow
    • hallow < hale
  • -y
    • early < ere
    • holy < hale
    • titty < teat
    • sultry < swelter
    • swarthy < swart
    • wacky < whack
    • heavy < heave
    • giddy < god
  • -le~-er
    • thimble < thumb
    • nimble < nim
    • gamble < game
    • waddle < wade
    • slither < slide
    • wither < weather
    • swaddle < swathe
    • saddle < sit
    • chatter < chat
    • twitter < tweet
    • fodder < food
    • spittle < spit
    • wrangle < wring
    • nipple < neb
    • bother < pot???
    • kernel < corn
    • tackle < take
    • dribble < drop
    • steeple < stoop
    • fondle < fun
    • throttle < throat
    • straddle < stride
    • hover < hove
    • halter < helve
    • grapple < grope
    • bundle < bind
    • huddle < hide
    • bustle < burst
    • glimmer < gleam
    • newfangled < fang
    • clutter < clot
    • linger < long
    • wonder < won
    • mingle < among
    • wobble < wave
    • spindle < spin
    • topple < top
    • flatter < flat
    • flutter < float
  • done
    • sodden < seethe
    • straight < stretch
    • clad < cloth
    • dead < die
    • numb < nim
    • could~should~would~must~wist~durst~ought < can~shall~will~mote~wit~dare~owe
    • wont < won
  • X-Y
    • neighbor < nigh-be
    • husband < house-be
    • woman < wife-man
    • orchard < wort-yard
    • threshold < thresh-hold
    • shelter < shield-trim
    • twilight < two-light
    • erstwhile < ere-while
    • behave < by-have
    • answer < and-swear
    • before < by-for
    • beneath < by-nether
    • nostril < nose-thrill
    • ordeal < out-deal
    • kindred < kind-read
    • steward < sty-ward
    • reckless < reck-loss
    • worship < worth-shape
    • window < wind-eye
    • monday < moon's day
    • tuesday < tue's day
    • wednesday < weden's day
    • thursday < thunder's day
    • friday < free's day
    • saturday < saturn's day
    • sunday < sun's day
    • fret < for-eat
    • betroth < by-true
    • gospel < good-spell
    • don < do-on
    • which < who-like
    • such < so-like
    • gossip < god-sib
    • harbor < harry-bury
    • together < to-gather
    • fortnight < fourteen-night
    • as < all-so
    • wanton < wane-tow
    • alone < all-one
    • tadpole < toad-poll
    • mildew < meal-dew
  • E A < I
    • wend < wind
    • set < sit
    • lay < lie
    • drench < drink
    • bend < bind
    • wrench < wring
    • clench < cling
    • stench < stink
    • blench < blink
  • Z D V < S TH F
    • breathe < breath
    • bathe < bath
    • graze < grass
    • glaze < glass
    • sheathe < sheath
    • live < life
    • lose < loss
    • clothe < cloth
    • behoove < behoof
    • loathe < loath
  • -r~-s~-st
    • near~next < nigh
    • utmost~utter < out
    • latter~last < late
    • better~best < bet-
    • worse~worst < wor-
    • former~foremost < for
    • more~most < mo-
    • elder~eldest < old
    • less~least < les-
  • cunning < can
  • twice~twin~twine < two
  • n-
    • never < ever
    • none~no~a~an~once < one
    • not~naught < aught
    • or~either~nor~neither < whether
    • nay < aye
  • funny
    • boy < babe
    • lass < lad
    • dawn < day
    • too < to
    • frame < from
    • wise < wit
    • clamp < clam
    • drag < draw
    • forth < for
    • of < off
    • guess < get
    • thorough < through
    • pee < piss
    • blur < blear
    • -teen~-ty < ten
    • talk < tale
    • root ~ wort
    • cleanse < clean
    • kill ~ quell
    • flag~flake < flaw
    • fond < fun
    • bust ~ burst
    • dig < dike~ditch
    • mishmash~crisscross < mash~cross
    • tug < tow
    • sham ~ shame
    • helm ~ helve
    • want ~ wont
    • grip~grab < gripe
    • wish~ween < won
    • weld < well
    • glitter ~ glisten
    • bead ~ bid
    • drool ~ drivel
    • egg < eye
    • lag < lack
    • blight < bleak
    • dune ~ down
  • eve < even
  • often < oft
  • whilom < while
  • farthing < four
  • ruddy < red
  • open < up